Child poverty, status of rural women and education in sub Saharan Africa

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

Africa’s disadvantaged children are often rural, malnourished, out of school, child brides or child labourers.
Moreover, they tend to have illiterate mothers who have been denied access to productive resources. Our objective
is to analyse the factors affecting child poverty. To this end, we studied the endogenous variables of
under-five mortality rate, primary-school enrolment and child underweight. Endogeneity led to the use of Three
Stages Least Squares simultaneous equations and fixed effects methods. The estimated elasticities indicate that
female employment in agriculture has the greatest effect on under-five mortality rates, while the crop production
index exerts the greatest effect on primary school enrolment and child underweight. The elasticity ranking
demonstrates that what is at issue is not the effect of education on reducing child poverty or the effect of child
poverty on reducing education, but the improvement of the status of women, particularly in the agricultural
sector. Furthermore, policies for long-lasting solutions should highlight institutional quality as a prerequisite in
child poverty reduction and present children and women with equal opportunities to satisfy basic needs and
access productive resources.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
Artikkeli104869
LehtiChildren and Youth Services Review
Vuosikerta111
Sivumäärä8
ISSN0190-7409
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - huhtikuuta 2020
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

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