China’s Conversion of Cropland to Forest Program as a national PES scheme: Institutional structure, voluntarism and conditionality of PES

Kun Zhang, Yustina Artati, Louis Putzel, Chen Xie, Nicholas Hogarth, Jianan Wang, Jiang Wang

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu


China’s ‘Conversion of Cropland to Forest Program’ (CCFP) is one of the world’s largest national ‘Payment for Ecosystem Services’ (PES) programs, with over 32 million rural households enrolled and 28 million ha converted to forest since 1999. Given the scale of the program and emerging interest in forest landscape restoration, the structure and function of implementation models is of interest. This study is based on key informant interviews tracing the structure and interactions among institutions for implementation of the CCFP from central government to provincial and sub-provincial scales in Yunnan Province. Data are used to analyze implementation arrangements for program planning, implementation and monitoring, and to identify features ensuring conditionality of PES payments. To assess the degree of voluntarism in enrollment, the study employs data from 87 household-level interviews in four southwestern provinces. Findings indicate that the CCFP system is designed to fulfill expectations of PES programs in terms of conditionality and voluntary participation on the side of ecosystem service sellers.
LehtiInternational Forestry Review
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 19 joulukuuta 2017
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu


Forest Landscape Restoration in Hilly and Mountainous Regions: Special Issue:
The ‘Conversion of Cropland to Forest Program’ (CCFP) as a national ‘Payment for Ecosystem Services’ (PES) scheme in China: Institutional structure and roles, ensuring voluntarism and conditionality of subsidy payments


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