Direct effect of aerosols on solar radiation and gross primary production in boreal and hemiboreal forests

Ekaterina Ezhova, Ilona Ylivinkka, Joel Kuusk, Kaupo Komsaare, Marko Vana, Alisa Krasnova, Steffen Noe, Mikhail Arshinov, Boris Belan, Sung-Bin Park, Jost Valentin Lavric, Martin Heimann, Tuukka Petäjä, Timo Vesala, Ivan Mammarella, Pasi Kolari, Jaana Bäck, Ullar Rannik, Veli-Matti Kerminen, Markku Kulmala

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

The effect of aerosol loading on solar radiation and the subsequent effect on photosynthesis is a relevant question for estimating climate feedback mechanisms. This effect is quantified in the present study using ground-based measurements from five remote sites in boreal and hemiboreal (coniferous and mixed) forests of Eurasia. The diffuse fraction of global radiation associated with the direct effect of aerosols, i.e. excluding the effect of clouds, increases with an increase in the aerosol loading. The increase in the diffuse fraction of global radiation from approximately 0.11 on days characterized by low aerosol loading to 0.2-0.27 on days with relatively high aerosol loading leads to an increase in gross primary production (GPP) between 6% and 14% at all sites. The largest increase in GPP (relative to days with low aerosol loading) is observed for two types of ecosystems: a coniferous forest at high latitudes and a mixed forest at the middle latitudes. For the former ecosystem the change in GPP due to the relatively large increase in the diffuse radiation is compensated for by the moderate increase in the light use efficiency. For the latter ecosystem, the increase in the diffuse radiation is smaller for the same aerosol loading, but the smaller change in GPP due to this relationship between radiation and aerosol loading is compensated for by the higher increase in the light use efficiency. The dependence of GPP on the diffuse fraction of solar radiation has a weakly pronounced maximum related to clouds.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Vuosikerta18
Numero24
Sivut17863-17881
Sivumäärä19
ISSN1680-7316
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 17 joulukuuta 2018
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 1171 Geotieteet
  • 1172 Ympäristötiede

Lainaa tätä

Ezhova, Ekaterina ; Ylivinkka, Ilona ; Kuusk, Joel ; Komsaare, Kaupo ; Vana, Marko ; Krasnova, Alisa ; Noe, Steffen ; Arshinov, Mikhail ; Belan, Boris ; Park, Sung-Bin ; Lavric, Jost Valentin ; Heimann, Martin ; Petäjä, Tuukka ; Vesala, Timo ; Mammarella, Ivan ; Kolari, Pasi ; Bäck, Jaana ; Rannik, Ullar ; Kerminen, Veli-Matti ; Kulmala, Markku. / Direct effect of aerosols on solar radiation and gross primary production in boreal and hemiboreal forests. Julkaisussa: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2018 ; Vuosikerta 18, Nro 24. Sivut 17863-17881.
@article{0d260a0dd6bf4d65b32cd00a5669e323,
title = "Direct effect of aerosols on solar radiation and gross primary production in boreal and hemiboreal forests",
abstract = "The effect of aerosol loading on solar radiation and the subsequent effect on photosynthesis is a relevant question for estimating climate feedback mechanisms. This effect is quantified in the present study using ground-based measurements from five remote sites in boreal and hemiboreal (coniferous and mixed) forests of Eurasia. The diffuse fraction of global radiation associated with the direct effect of aerosols, i.e. excluding the effect of clouds, increases with an increase in the aerosol loading. The increase in the diffuse fraction of global radiation from approximately 0.11 on days characterized by low aerosol loading to 0.2-0.27 on days with relatively high aerosol loading leads to an increase in gross primary production (GPP) between 6{\%} and 14{\%} at all sites. The largest increase in GPP (relative to days with low aerosol loading) is observed for two types of ecosystems: a coniferous forest at high latitudes and a mixed forest at the middle latitudes. For the former ecosystem the change in GPP due to the relatively large increase in the diffuse radiation is compensated for by the moderate increase in the light use efficiency. For the latter ecosystem, the increase in the diffuse radiation is smaller for the same aerosol loading, but the smaller change in GPP due to this relationship between radiation and aerosol loading is compensated for by the higher increase in the light use efficiency. The dependence of GPP on the diffuse fraction of solar radiation has a weakly pronounced maximum related to clouds.",
keywords = "1171 Geosciences, 1172 Environmental sciences",
author = "Ekaterina Ezhova and Ilona Ylivinkka and Joel Kuusk and Kaupo Komsaare and Marko Vana and Alisa Krasnova and Steffen Noe and Mikhail Arshinov and Boris Belan and Sung-Bin Park and Lavric, {Jost Valentin} and Martin Heimann and Tuukka Pet{\"a}j{\"a} and Timo Vesala and Ivan Mammarella and Pasi Kolari and Jaana B{\"a}ck and Ullar Rannik and Veli-Matti Kerminen and Markku Kulmala",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "17",
doi = "10.5194/acp-18-17863-2018",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "17863--17881",
journal = "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics",
issn = "1680-7316",
publisher = "COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH",
number = "24",

}

Direct effect of aerosols on solar radiation and gross primary production in boreal and hemiboreal forests. / Ezhova, Ekaterina; Ylivinkka, Ilona; Kuusk, Joel; Komsaare, Kaupo; Vana, Marko; Krasnova, Alisa; Noe, Steffen; Arshinov, Mikhail; Belan, Boris; Park, Sung-Bin; Lavric, Jost Valentin; Heimann, Martin; Petäjä, Tuukka; Vesala, Timo; Mammarella, Ivan; Kolari, Pasi; Bäck, Jaana; Rannik, Ullar; Kerminen, Veli-Matti; Kulmala, Markku.

julkaisussa: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vuosikerta 18, Nro 24, 17.12.2018, s. 17863-17881.

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - JOUR

T1 - Direct effect of aerosols on solar radiation and gross primary production in boreal and hemiboreal forests

AU - Ezhova, Ekaterina

AU - Ylivinkka, Ilona

AU - Kuusk, Joel

AU - Komsaare, Kaupo

AU - Vana, Marko

AU - Krasnova, Alisa

AU - Noe, Steffen

AU - Arshinov, Mikhail

AU - Belan, Boris

AU - Park, Sung-Bin

AU - Lavric, Jost Valentin

AU - Heimann, Martin

AU - Petäjä, Tuukka

AU - Vesala, Timo

AU - Mammarella, Ivan

AU - Kolari, Pasi

AU - Bäck, Jaana

AU - Rannik, Ullar

AU - Kerminen, Veli-Matti

AU - Kulmala, Markku

PY - 2018/12/17

Y1 - 2018/12/17

N2 - The effect of aerosol loading on solar radiation and the subsequent effect on photosynthesis is a relevant question for estimating climate feedback mechanisms. This effect is quantified in the present study using ground-based measurements from five remote sites in boreal and hemiboreal (coniferous and mixed) forests of Eurasia. The diffuse fraction of global radiation associated with the direct effect of aerosols, i.e. excluding the effect of clouds, increases with an increase in the aerosol loading. The increase in the diffuse fraction of global radiation from approximately 0.11 on days characterized by low aerosol loading to 0.2-0.27 on days with relatively high aerosol loading leads to an increase in gross primary production (GPP) between 6% and 14% at all sites. The largest increase in GPP (relative to days with low aerosol loading) is observed for two types of ecosystems: a coniferous forest at high latitudes and a mixed forest at the middle latitudes. For the former ecosystem the change in GPP due to the relatively large increase in the diffuse radiation is compensated for by the moderate increase in the light use efficiency. For the latter ecosystem, the increase in the diffuse radiation is smaller for the same aerosol loading, but the smaller change in GPP due to this relationship between radiation and aerosol loading is compensated for by the higher increase in the light use efficiency. The dependence of GPP on the diffuse fraction of solar radiation has a weakly pronounced maximum related to clouds.

AB - The effect of aerosol loading on solar radiation and the subsequent effect on photosynthesis is a relevant question for estimating climate feedback mechanisms. This effect is quantified in the present study using ground-based measurements from five remote sites in boreal and hemiboreal (coniferous and mixed) forests of Eurasia. The diffuse fraction of global radiation associated with the direct effect of aerosols, i.e. excluding the effect of clouds, increases with an increase in the aerosol loading. The increase in the diffuse fraction of global radiation from approximately 0.11 on days characterized by low aerosol loading to 0.2-0.27 on days with relatively high aerosol loading leads to an increase in gross primary production (GPP) between 6% and 14% at all sites. The largest increase in GPP (relative to days with low aerosol loading) is observed for two types of ecosystems: a coniferous forest at high latitudes and a mixed forest at the middle latitudes. For the former ecosystem the change in GPP due to the relatively large increase in the diffuse radiation is compensated for by the moderate increase in the light use efficiency. For the latter ecosystem, the increase in the diffuse radiation is smaller for the same aerosol loading, but the smaller change in GPP due to this relationship between radiation and aerosol loading is compensated for by the higher increase in the light use efficiency. The dependence of GPP on the diffuse fraction of solar radiation has a weakly pronounced maximum related to clouds.

KW - 1171 Geosciences

KW - 1172 Environmental sciences

U2 - 10.5194/acp-18-17863-2018

DO - 10.5194/acp-18-17863-2018

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 17863

EP - 17881

JO - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

JF - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

SN - 1680-7316

IS - 24

ER -