Abstrakti

Despite strong indications that melanoma interaction with lymphatic vessels actively promotes melanoma progression, the molecular mechanisms are not yet completely understood. To characterize molecular factors of this crosstalk we established human primary lymphatic endothelial cell (LEC) co-cultures with human melanoma cell lines. Here, we show that co-culture with melanoma cells induced transcriptomic changes in LECs and led to multiple alterations in their function. WNT5B, a paracrine signaling molecule upregulated in melanoma cells upon LEC interaction, was found contributing to the functional changes in LECs. Moreover, WNT5B transcription was regulated by Notch3 in melanoma cells following the co-culture with LECs, and Notch3 and WNT5B were coexpressed in melanoma patient primary tumor and metastasis samples. Moreover, melanoma cells derived from LEC co-culture escaped efficiently from the primary site to the proximal tumor draining lymph nodes, which was impaired upon WNT5B depletion. This supported the role of WNT5B in promoting the metastatic potential of melanoma cells through its effects on LECs. Finally, DLL4, a Notch ligand expressed in LECs, was identified as an upstream inducer of the Notch3-WNT5B axis in melanoma. This study elucidated WNT5B as a key molecular factor mediating bi-directional crosstalk between melanoma cells and lymphatic endothelium and promoting melanoma metastasis.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
Artikkelie171821
LehtiJCI INSIGHT
Vuosikerta9
Numero1
Sivumäärä21
ISSN2379-3708
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 16 marrask. 2023
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

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