Effects of forests on particle number concentrations in near-road environments across three geographic regions

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

Trees and other vegetation have been advocated as a mitigation measure for urban air pollution mainly due to the fact that they passively filter particles from the air. However, mounting evidence suggests that vegetation may also worsen air quality by slowing the dispersion of pollutants and by producing volatile organic compounds that contribute to formation of ozone and other secondary pollutants. We monitored nanoparticle (>10 nm) counts along distance gradients away from major roads along paired transects across open and forested landscapes in Baltimore (USA), Helsinki (Finland) and Shenyang (China) − i.e. sites in three biomes with different pollution levels − using condensation particle counters. Mean particle number concentrations averaged across all sampling sites were clearly reduced (15 %) by the presence of forest cover only in Helsinki. For Baltimore and Shenyang, levels showed no significant difference between the open and forested transects at any of the sampling distances. This suggests that nanoparticle deposition on trees is often counterbalanced by other factors, including differing flow fields and aerosol processes under varying meteorological conditions. Similarly, consistent differences in high frequency data patterns between the transects were detected only in Helsinki. No correlations between nanoparticle concentrations and solar radiation or local wind speed as affecting nanoparticle abundances were found, but they were to some extent associated with canopy closure. These data add to the accumulating evidence according to which trees do not necessarily improve air quality in near-road environments.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
Artikkeli115294
LehtiEnvironmental Pollution
Vuosikerta266
NumeroPart 2
Sivumäärä9
ISSN0269-7491
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - marrask. 2020
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 1172 Ympäristötiede
  • Air pollution
  • Particles
  • Nanoparticles
  • Urban forest
  • Parks
  • near-road environment
  • Forests
  • Ecosystem services
  • Urban ecology
  • Urban ecosystems
  • URBAN ATMOSPHERE
  • Urban meteorology
  • particle concentrations
  • Air quality
  • traffic
  • Urban trees
  • Field study

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