Effects of prepartum housing environment on abnormal behaviour, the farrowing process, and interactions with circulating oxytocin in sows

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

We evaluated the effects on sows of prepartum housing environment on bar-biting (BB) behaviour prior to parturition, farrowing duration from first to tenth piglets, litter size, and circulating oxytocin (OT) concentrations during birth of the first five piglets. A total of 35 sows, approximately seven days before the expected parturition date, were housed in: (1) CRATE (N = 11): the farrowing crate closed (210 × 80 cm), with provision of a bucketful of sawdust, (2) PEN (N = 12): the farrowing crate opened, with provision of a bucketful of sawdust, and (3) NEST (N = 12): the farrowing crate opened, with provision of abundant nesting materials. All sows were crated without additional supply of nesting materials when parturition started. Plasma samples from farrowing sows were collected via an indwelling catheter at 0, 2, and 4 min, after delivery of each of the first five piglets to assess circulating OT concentrations. Prepartum BB behaviour was observed in sows for a 20 min period each hour, from 18 h prior to parturition to the birth of the first piglet. Farrowing intervals were monitored between birth of the first and fifth piglet, and duration was recorded until the tenth piglet was born. Prepartum sows in CRATE showed higher frequency and tendency for increased total duration in BB behaviour than in PEN or in NEST (P < 0.05, P < 0.10, respectively). Prepartum housing environment did not affect circulating OT concentrations in sows while the first five piglets were born, or piglet stillbirths (P > 0.10). Farrowing duration between birth of the first and tenth piglet was shorter in sows with prepartum confinement than for those not confined (P < 0.05). Average farrowing intervals during birth of the first five piglets tended to be shorter in sows crated prepartum compared with non-crated sows (P < 0.10). OT during prepartum was correlated with OT concentrations during farrowing (r = 0.40, P < 0.0001). However, circulating OT concentrations during both periods were not correlated with farrowing performance or duration. In conclusion, the provision of nesting materials, space or both prior to parturition could reduce BB behaviour in prepartum sows. However, crating at the beginning of parturition after housing in open-crates during prepartum could increase farrowing intervals and duration in sows, possibly due to additional stress induced by sudden confinement.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiApplied Animal Behaviour Science
Vuosikerta162
Sivut20-25
Sivumäärä6
ISSN0168-1591
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 2015
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

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  • 413 Eläinlääketiede

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@article{92e3f37746b3471cb4964b1bfe0f8102,
title = "Effects of prepartum housing environment on abnormal behaviour, the farrowing process, and interactions with circulating oxytocin in sows",
abstract = "We evaluated the effects on sows of prepartum housing environment on bar-biting (BB) behaviour prior to parturition, farrowing duration from first to tenth piglets, litter size, and circulating oxytocin (OT) concentrations during birth of the first five piglets. A total of 35 sows, approximately seven days before the expected parturition date, were housed in: (1) CRATE (N = 11): the farrowing crate closed (210 × 80 cm), with provision of a bucketful of sawdust, (2) PEN (N = 12): the farrowing crate opened, with provision of a bucketful of sawdust, and (3) NEST (N = 12): the farrowing crate opened, with provision of abundant nesting materials. All sows were crated without additional supply of nesting materials when parturition started. Plasma samples from farrowing sows were collected via an indwelling catheter at 0, 2, and 4 min, after delivery of each of the first five piglets to assess circulating OT concentrations. Prepartum BB behaviour was observed in sows for a 20 min period each hour, from 18 h prior to parturition to the birth of the first piglet. Farrowing intervals were monitored between birth of the first and fifth piglet, and duration was recorded until the tenth piglet was born. Prepartum sows in CRATE showed higher frequency and tendency for increased total duration in BB behaviour than in PEN or in NEST (P < 0.05, P < 0.10, respectively). Prepartum housing environment did not affect circulating OT concentrations in sows while the first five piglets were born, or piglet stillbirths (P > 0.10). Farrowing duration between birth of the first and tenth piglet was shorter in sows with prepartum confinement than for those not confined (P < 0.05). Average farrowing intervals during birth of the first five piglets tended to be shorter in sows crated prepartum compared with non-crated sows (P < 0.10). OT during prepartum was correlated with OT concentrations during farrowing (r = 0.40, P < 0.0001). However, circulating OT concentrations during both periods were not correlated with farrowing performance or duration. In conclusion, the provision of nesting materials, space or both prior to parturition could reduce BB behaviour in prepartum sows. However, crating at the beginning of parturition after housing in open-crates during prepartum could increase farrowing intervals and duration in sows, possibly due to additional stress induced by sudden confinement.",
keywords = "413 Veterinary science, Farrowing environment; , OXYTOCIN, Farrowing duration, Stereotype, Stillbirth, Sow",
author = "Jinhyeon Yun and Kirsi-Marja Swan and Claudio Oliviero and Olli Peltoniemi and Anna Valros",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1016/j.applanim.2014.11.006",
language = "English",
volume = "162",
pages = "20--25",
journal = "Applied Animal Behaviour Science",
issn = "0168-1591",
publisher = "Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of prepartum housing environment on abnormal behaviour, the farrowing process, and interactions with circulating oxytocin in sows

AU - Yun, Jinhyeon

AU - Swan, Kirsi-Marja

AU - Oliviero, Claudio

AU - Peltoniemi, Olli

AU - Valros, Anna

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - We evaluated the effects on sows of prepartum housing environment on bar-biting (BB) behaviour prior to parturition, farrowing duration from first to tenth piglets, litter size, and circulating oxytocin (OT) concentrations during birth of the first five piglets. A total of 35 sows, approximately seven days before the expected parturition date, were housed in: (1) CRATE (N = 11): the farrowing crate closed (210 × 80 cm), with provision of a bucketful of sawdust, (2) PEN (N = 12): the farrowing crate opened, with provision of a bucketful of sawdust, and (3) NEST (N = 12): the farrowing crate opened, with provision of abundant nesting materials. All sows were crated without additional supply of nesting materials when parturition started. Plasma samples from farrowing sows were collected via an indwelling catheter at 0, 2, and 4 min, after delivery of each of the first five piglets to assess circulating OT concentrations. Prepartum BB behaviour was observed in sows for a 20 min period each hour, from 18 h prior to parturition to the birth of the first piglet. Farrowing intervals were monitored between birth of the first and fifth piglet, and duration was recorded until the tenth piglet was born. Prepartum sows in CRATE showed higher frequency and tendency for increased total duration in BB behaviour than in PEN or in NEST (P < 0.05, P < 0.10, respectively). Prepartum housing environment did not affect circulating OT concentrations in sows while the first five piglets were born, or piglet stillbirths (P > 0.10). Farrowing duration between birth of the first and tenth piglet was shorter in sows with prepartum confinement than for those not confined (P < 0.05). Average farrowing intervals during birth of the first five piglets tended to be shorter in sows crated prepartum compared with non-crated sows (P < 0.10). OT during prepartum was correlated with OT concentrations during farrowing (r = 0.40, P < 0.0001). However, circulating OT concentrations during both periods were not correlated with farrowing performance or duration. In conclusion, the provision of nesting materials, space or both prior to parturition could reduce BB behaviour in prepartum sows. However, crating at the beginning of parturition after housing in open-crates during prepartum could increase farrowing intervals and duration in sows, possibly due to additional stress induced by sudden confinement.

AB - We evaluated the effects on sows of prepartum housing environment on bar-biting (BB) behaviour prior to parturition, farrowing duration from first to tenth piglets, litter size, and circulating oxytocin (OT) concentrations during birth of the first five piglets. A total of 35 sows, approximately seven days before the expected parturition date, were housed in: (1) CRATE (N = 11): the farrowing crate closed (210 × 80 cm), with provision of a bucketful of sawdust, (2) PEN (N = 12): the farrowing crate opened, with provision of a bucketful of sawdust, and (3) NEST (N = 12): the farrowing crate opened, with provision of abundant nesting materials. All sows were crated without additional supply of nesting materials when parturition started. Plasma samples from farrowing sows were collected via an indwelling catheter at 0, 2, and 4 min, after delivery of each of the first five piglets to assess circulating OT concentrations. Prepartum BB behaviour was observed in sows for a 20 min period each hour, from 18 h prior to parturition to the birth of the first piglet. Farrowing intervals were monitored between birth of the first and fifth piglet, and duration was recorded until the tenth piglet was born. Prepartum sows in CRATE showed higher frequency and tendency for increased total duration in BB behaviour than in PEN or in NEST (P < 0.05, P < 0.10, respectively). Prepartum housing environment did not affect circulating OT concentrations in sows while the first five piglets were born, or piglet stillbirths (P > 0.10). Farrowing duration between birth of the first and tenth piglet was shorter in sows with prepartum confinement than for those not confined (P < 0.05). Average farrowing intervals during birth of the first five piglets tended to be shorter in sows crated prepartum compared with non-crated sows (P < 0.10). OT during prepartum was correlated with OT concentrations during farrowing (r = 0.40, P < 0.0001). However, circulating OT concentrations during both periods were not correlated with farrowing performance or duration. In conclusion, the provision of nesting materials, space or both prior to parturition could reduce BB behaviour in prepartum sows. However, crating at the beginning of parturition after housing in open-crates during prepartum could increase farrowing intervals and duration in sows, possibly due to additional stress induced by sudden confinement.

KW - 413 Veterinary science

KW - Farrowing environment;

KW - OXYTOCIN

KW - Farrowing duration

KW - Stereotype

KW - Stillbirth

KW - Sow

U2 - 10.1016/j.applanim.2014.11.006

DO - 10.1016/j.applanim.2014.11.006

M3 - Article

VL - 162

SP - 20

EP - 25

JO - Applied Animal Behaviour Science

JF - Applied Animal Behaviour Science

SN - 0168-1591

ER -