Paecilomyces inflatus isolated from municipal waste compost was found to have cellulolytic activity in several solid and liquid media. This study was done to reveal the multifarious effects of municipal waste compost on endoglucanase activity of P. inflatus. The highest enzyme activities under the conditions of solid-state fermentation were measured in authentic compost samples compared with wood, straw and bran substrates. In surface liquid cultures glucose, cellobiose, xylan, Avicel cellulose, carboxymethylcellulose (CM-cellulose), starch and citrus pectin were used as carbon sources. All carbon sources supported the growth of P. inflatus. However, only CM-cellulose, cellobiose and pectin noticeably stimulated endoglucanase (EG) activity. Further stimulation of EG activity was obtained in cultures containing 1% CM-cellulose as a carbon source by supplementation with low-molecular mass aromatic compounds vanillin, veratric acid and benzoic acid, and with soil humic acid (SHA). SHA and veratric acid were found to be the most efficient elicitors of the cellulolytic activity. P. inflatus was able to utilize nitrate and ammonium as pure nitrogen sources in media containing cellulose.
|Lehti||World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology|
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - 2005|
|OKM-julkaisutyyppi||A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu|