Epistemically reinforced kyl(lä)/küll-responses in Estonian and Finnish: word order and social action

Julkaisun otsikon käännös: Viron ja suomen episteemisesti vahvistetut kyllä-vastaukset: Sanajärjestys ja sosiaalinen toiminta

Leelo Keevallik, Auli Hakulinen

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

Abstract: This paper looks at responsive actions built with different word orders, targeting the epistemic element kyl(lä) in Finnish and küll in Estonian. Historically the same lexical item, meaning roughly ‘abundance’, kyl(lä)/küll currently occurs in conventionalized patterns, which reveal the interface of word order and social action, and corresponding semantic developments. In both languages, kyl(lä)/küll initiates reactive assessments. In Finnish, it is also used as a particle to initiate affirmative answers, while in unit-final positions it is an epistemic adverb. In Estonian, it initially formats consoling answers, while in unit-final positions, it is a regular part of a formulaic (dis)affirmation and functions almost like a clitic. In Finnish, both the initial and the final kyllä preferably occur in modally marked or otherwise expanded utterances whereas in Estonian, küll tends to occur in succinct, almost formulaic clauses and phrases. The paper argues that word order regarding what have traditionally been seen as peripheral syntactic elements, such as adverbs and particles, can be constitutive of units implementing social actions. It suggests that the sequential analysis of action is a perfect method for revealing subtle semantic and pragmatic differences in related languages.
Julkaisun otsikon käännösViron ja suomen episteemisesti vahvistetut kyllä-vastaukset: Sanajärjestys ja sosiaalinen toiminta
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiJournal of Pragmatics
Vuosikerta123
NumeroJan 2018
Sivut121-138
Sivumäärä18
ISSN0378-2166
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 18 maalisk. 2017
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Lisätietoja

Interactional linguistics; Responsive action; Word order; Adverb/particle; Finnish; Estonian

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