Fast or Slow Pioneers? A View from Northern Lapland

Julkaisun otsikon käännös: Nopeat vai hitaat pioneerit? Suomen asuttaminen Pohjois-Lapista katsottuna

Jarmo Kankaanpää, Tuija Rankama

Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/raportissa/konferenssijulkaisussaKirjan luku tai artikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

The traditional model of the postglacial colonization of Finland advancing slowly from the southeast over a wide front is challenged following the discovery in 2002 of Sujala, the first Post-Swiderian site in the Scandinavian north, and the identification in 2007-10 of the Post-Swiderian affinities of the Fállegoahtesajeguolbba site in arctic Norway. Not only are the dates of these sites considerably earlier than allowed for by previous estimates of the human colonization of Finland based on a fixed expansion speed; the lithics of the sites also suggest that the pioneers must have traversed the 1000-kilometre breadth of the Precambrian Fennoscandian Shield within one generation in order to have been able to retain their blade technology. The developed Post-Swiderian pressure blade technology would not have been sustainable in the lithic environment of the shield due to the virtual absence of suitable microcrystalline rocks, and there is currently no evidence of the importing of unworked flint from Russia or the Baltic to most of the intervening shield area during the earliest Mesolithic. The explanation for the rapid advance is suggested to be the direction of the movement along, rather than towards, the retreating ice front and the comparatively rapid opening up of a traversable corridor between the shrinking continental glacier and the White Sea.
Julkaisun otsikon käännösNopeat vai hitaat pioneerit? Suomen asuttaminen Pohjois-Lapista katsottuna
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
OtsikkoLateglacial and Postglacial Pioneers in Northern Europe
ToimittajatFelix Riede, Miikka Tallavaara
Sivumäärä13
Vuosikerta2599
JulkaisupaikkaOxford
KustantajaBritish Archaeological Reports
Julkaisupäivä2014
Sivut147-159
Artikkeli no11
ISBN (painettu)978 1 4073 1231 6
TilaJulkaistu - 2014
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA3 Kirjan tai muun kokoomateoksen osa

Julkaisusarja

NimiBritish Archaeological Reports
KustantajaArchaeopress

Tieteenalat

  • 615 Historia ja arkeologia

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