In the #P-complete problem of counting 0/1 Knapsack solutions, the input consists of a sequence of n nonnegative integer weights w1,…,wn and an integer C, and we have to find the number of subsequences (subsets of indices) with total weight at most C. We give faster and simpler fully polynomial-time approximation schemes (FPTASes) for this problem, and for its random generation counterpart. Our method is based on dynamic programming and discretization of large numbers through floating-point arithmetic. We improve both deterministic counting FPTASes from Gopalan et al. (2011) , Štefankovič et al. (2012)  and the randomized counting and random generation algorithms in Dyer (2003) . Our method is general, and it can be directly applied on top of combinatorial decompositions (such as dynamic programming solutions) of various problems. For example, we also improve the complexity of the problem of counting 0/1 Knapsack solutions in an arc-weighted DAG.
- 113 Tietojenkäsittely- ja informaatiotieteet