Fertility, Mortality and Environmental Policy

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinen

Kuvaus

This article examines pollution and environmental mortality in an economy where fertility is endogenous and output is produced from labor and capital by two sectors, dirty and clean. An emission tax curbs dirty production, which decreases pollution-induced mortality but also shifts resources to the clean sector. If the dirty sector is more capital intensive, then this shift increases labor demand and wages. This, in turn, raises the opportunity cost of rearing a child, thereby decreasing fertility and the population size. Correspondingly, if the clean
sector is more capital intensive, then the emission tax decreases the wage and increases fertility. Although the proportion of the dirty sector in production falls, the expansion of population boosts total pollution, aggravating mortality.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiIZA discussion paper series
Vuosikerta2016
Numero10465
Sivumäärä15
ISSN2365-9793
TilaJulkaistu - 30 joulukuuta 2016
OKM-julkaisutyyppiB1 Kirjoitus tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Tieteenalat

  • 511 Kansantaloustiede

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author = "Lehmijoki, {Ulla Marja-Liisa} and Palokangas, {Tapio Kalervo}",
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Fertility, Mortality and Environmental Policy. / Lehmijoki, Ulla Marja-Liisa; Palokangas, Tapio Kalervo.

julkaisussa: IZA discussion paper series, Vuosikerta 2016, Nro 10465, 30.12.2016.

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinen

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fertility, Mortality and Environmental Policy

AU - Lehmijoki, Ulla Marja-Liisa

AU - Palokangas, Tapio Kalervo

PY - 2016/12/30

Y1 - 2016/12/30

N2 - This article examines pollution and environmental mortality in an economy where fertility is endogenous and output is produced from labor and capital by two sectors, dirty and clean. An emission tax curbs dirty production, which decreases pollution-induced mortality but also shifts resources to the clean sector. If the dirty sector is more capital intensive, then this shift increases labor demand and wages. This, in turn, raises the opportunity cost of rearing a child, thereby decreasing fertility and the population size. Correspondingly, if the cleansector is more capital intensive, then the emission tax decreases the wage and increases fertility. Although the proportion of the dirty sector in production falls, the expansion of population boosts total pollution, aggravating mortality.

AB - This article examines pollution and environmental mortality in an economy where fertility is endogenous and output is produced from labor and capital by two sectors, dirty and clean. An emission tax curbs dirty production, which decreases pollution-induced mortality but also shifts resources to the clean sector. If the dirty sector is more capital intensive, then this shift increases labor demand and wages. This, in turn, raises the opportunity cost of rearing a child, thereby decreasing fertility and the population size. Correspondingly, if the cleansector is more capital intensive, then the emission tax decreases the wage and increases fertility. Although the proportion of the dirty sector in production falls, the expansion of population boosts total pollution, aggravating mortality.

KW - 511 Economics

M3 - Article

VL - 2016

JO - IZA discussion paper series

JF - IZA discussion paper series

SN - 2365-9793

IS - 10465

ER -