Global raptor research and conservation priorities: Tropical raptors fall prey to knowledge gaps

Evan R. Buechley, Andrea Santangeli, Marco Girardello, Montague H.C. Neate-Clegg, Dave Oleyar, Christopher J.W. McClure, Çagan H. Şekercioğlu

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

Abstract Aim Raptors serve critical ecological functions, are particularly extinction-prone and are often used as environmental indicators and flagship species. Yet, there is no global framework to prioritize research and conservation actions on them. We identify for the first time the factors driving extinction risk and scientific attention on raptors and develop a novel research and conservation priority index (RCPI) to identify global research and conservation priorities. Location Global. Methods We use random forest models based on ecological traits and extrinsic data to identify the drivers of risk and scientific attention in all raptors. We then map global research and conservation priorities. Lastly, we model where priorities fall relative to country-level human social indicators. Results Raptors with small geographic ranges, scavengers, forest-dependent species and those with slow life histories are particularly extinction-prone. Research is extremely biased towards a small fraction of raptor species: 10 species (1.8% of all raptors) account for one-third of all research, while one-fifth of species have no publications. Species with small geographic ranges and those inhabiting less developed countries are greatly understudied. Regions of Latin America, Africa and Southeast Asia are identified as particularly high priority for raptor research and conservation. These priorities are highly concentrated in developing countries, indicating a global mismatch between priorities and capacity for research and conservation. Main conclusions A redistribution of scientific attention and conservation efforts towards developing tropical countries and the least-studied, extinction-prone species is critical to conserve raptors and their ecological functions worldwide. We identify clear taxonomic and geographic research and conservation priorities for all raptors, and our methodology can be applied across other taxa to prioritize scientific investment.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiDiversity and Distributions
Vuosikerta25
Numero6
Sivut856-869
Sivumäärä14
ISSN1366-9516
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - kesäkuuta 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 1181 Ekologia, evoluutiobiologia

Lainaa tätä

Buechley, E. R., Santangeli, A., Girardello, M., Neate-Clegg, M. H. C., Oleyar, D., McClure, C. J. W., & Şekercioğlu, Ç. H. (2019). Global raptor research and conservation priorities: Tropical raptors fall prey to knowledge gaps. Diversity and Distributions, 25(6), 856-869. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12901
Buechley, Evan R. ; Santangeli, Andrea ; Girardello, Marco ; Neate-Clegg, Montague H.C. ; Oleyar, Dave ; McClure, Christopher J.W. ; Şekercioğlu, Çagan H. / Global raptor research and conservation priorities : Tropical raptors fall prey to knowledge gaps. Julkaisussa: Diversity and Distributions. 2019 ; Vuosikerta 25, Nro 6. Sivut 856-869.
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title = "Global raptor research and conservation priorities: Tropical raptors fall prey to knowledge gaps",
abstract = "Abstract Aim Raptors serve critical ecological functions, are particularly extinction-prone and are often used as environmental indicators and flagship species. Yet, there is no global framework to prioritize research and conservation actions on them. We identify for the first time the factors driving extinction risk and scientific attention on raptors and develop a novel research and conservation priority index (RCPI) to identify global research and conservation priorities. Location Global. Methods We use random forest models based on ecological traits and extrinsic data to identify the drivers of risk and scientific attention in all raptors. We then map global research and conservation priorities. Lastly, we model where priorities fall relative to country-level human social indicators. Results Raptors with small geographic ranges, scavengers, forest-dependent species and those with slow life histories are particularly extinction-prone. Research is extremely biased towards a small fraction of raptor species: 10 species (1.8{\%} of all raptors) account for one-third of all research, while one-fifth of species have no publications. Species with small geographic ranges and those inhabiting less developed countries are greatly understudied. Regions of Latin America, Africa and Southeast Asia are identified as particularly high priority for raptor research and conservation. These priorities are highly concentrated in developing countries, indicating a global mismatch between priorities and capacity for research and conservation. Main conclusions A redistribution of scientific attention and conservation efforts towards developing tropical countries and the least-studied, extinction-prone species is critical to conserve raptors and their ecological functions worldwide. We identify clear taxonomic and geographic research and conservation priorities for all raptors, and our methodology can be applied across other taxa to prioritize scientific investment.",
keywords = "BEHAVIOR, BIODIVERSITY, CLASSIFICATION, DECLINE, EXTINCTION RISK, FOREST, IMPACTS, POPULATION-DYNAMICS, PREDATORS, RATIONALE, avian biology, biogeography, conservation biology, conservation prioritization, ecology, extinction, ornithology, predator, 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology",
author = "Buechley, {Evan R.} and Andrea Santangeli and Marco Girardello and Neate-Clegg, {Montague H.C.} and Dave Oleyar and McClure, {Christopher J.W.} and Şekercioğlu, {{\cC}agan H.}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1111/ddi.12901",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "856--869",
journal = "Diversity and Distributions",
issn = "1366-9516",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "6",

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Buechley, ER, Santangeli, A, Girardello, M, Neate-Clegg, MHC, Oleyar, D, McClure, CJW & Şekercioğlu, ÇH 2019, 'Global raptor research and conservation priorities: Tropical raptors fall prey to knowledge gaps' Diversity and Distributions, Vuosikerta 25, Nro 6, Sivut 856-869. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12901

Global raptor research and conservation priorities : Tropical raptors fall prey to knowledge gaps. / Buechley, Evan R.; Santangeli, Andrea; Girardello, Marco; Neate-Clegg, Montague H.C.; Oleyar, Dave; McClure, Christopher J.W.; Şekercioğlu, Çagan H.

julkaisussa: Diversity and Distributions, Vuosikerta 25, Nro 6, 06.2019, s. 856-869.

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - JOUR

T1 - Global raptor research and conservation priorities

T2 - Tropical raptors fall prey to knowledge gaps

AU - Buechley, Evan R.

AU - Santangeli, Andrea

AU - Girardello, Marco

AU - Neate-Clegg, Montague H.C.

AU - Oleyar, Dave

AU - McClure, Christopher J.W.

AU - Şekercioğlu, Çagan H.

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - Abstract Aim Raptors serve critical ecological functions, are particularly extinction-prone and are often used as environmental indicators and flagship species. Yet, there is no global framework to prioritize research and conservation actions on them. We identify for the first time the factors driving extinction risk and scientific attention on raptors and develop a novel research and conservation priority index (RCPI) to identify global research and conservation priorities. Location Global. Methods We use random forest models based on ecological traits and extrinsic data to identify the drivers of risk and scientific attention in all raptors. We then map global research and conservation priorities. Lastly, we model where priorities fall relative to country-level human social indicators. Results Raptors with small geographic ranges, scavengers, forest-dependent species and those with slow life histories are particularly extinction-prone. Research is extremely biased towards a small fraction of raptor species: 10 species (1.8% of all raptors) account for one-third of all research, while one-fifth of species have no publications. Species with small geographic ranges and those inhabiting less developed countries are greatly understudied. Regions of Latin America, Africa and Southeast Asia are identified as particularly high priority for raptor research and conservation. These priorities are highly concentrated in developing countries, indicating a global mismatch between priorities and capacity for research and conservation. Main conclusions A redistribution of scientific attention and conservation efforts towards developing tropical countries and the least-studied, extinction-prone species is critical to conserve raptors and their ecological functions worldwide. We identify clear taxonomic and geographic research and conservation priorities for all raptors, and our methodology can be applied across other taxa to prioritize scientific investment.

AB - Abstract Aim Raptors serve critical ecological functions, are particularly extinction-prone and are often used as environmental indicators and flagship species. Yet, there is no global framework to prioritize research and conservation actions on them. We identify for the first time the factors driving extinction risk and scientific attention on raptors and develop a novel research and conservation priority index (RCPI) to identify global research and conservation priorities. Location Global. Methods We use random forest models based on ecological traits and extrinsic data to identify the drivers of risk and scientific attention in all raptors. We then map global research and conservation priorities. Lastly, we model where priorities fall relative to country-level human social indicators. Results Raptors with small geographic ranges, scavengers, forest-dependent species and those with slow life histories are particularly extinction-prone. Research is extremely biased towards a small fraction of raptor species: 10 species (1.8% of all raptors) account for one-third of all research, while one-fifth of species have no publications. Species with small geographic ranges and those inhabiting less developed countries are greatly understudied. Regions of Latin America, Africa and Southeast Asia are identified as particularly high priority for raptor research and conservation. These priorities are highly concentrated in developing countries, indicating a global mismatch between priorities and capacity for research and conservation. Main conclusions A redistribution of scientific attention and conservation efforts towards developing tropical countries and the least-studied, extinction-prone species is critical to conserve raptors and their ecological functions worldwide. We identify clear taxonomic and geographic research and conservation priorities for all raptors, and our methodology can be applied across other taxa to prioritize scientific investment.

KW - BEHAVIOR

KW - BIODIVERSITY

KW - CLASSIFICATION

KW - DECLINE

KW - EXTINCTION RISK

KW - FOREST

KW - IMPACTS

KW - POPULATION-DYNAMICS

KW - PREDATORS

KW - RATIONALE

KW - avian biology

KW - biogeography

KW - conservation biology

KW - conservation prioritization

KW - ecology

KW - extinction

KW - ornithology

KW - predator

KW - 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology

U2 - 10.1111/ddi.12901

DO - 10.1111/ddi.12901

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 856

EP - 869

JO - Diversity and Distributions

JF - Diversity and Distributions

SN - 1366-9516

IS - 6

ER -