Grain legume yield instability has increased over 60 years in long-term field experiments as measured by a scale-adjusted coefficient of variation

Moritz Reckling, Thomas F. Döring, Göran Bergkvist, Frank-M. Chmielewski, Frederick Lothrop Stoddard, Christine A. Watson, Sylvia Seddig, Johann Bachinger

Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/raportissa/konferenssijulkaisussaKonferenssiartikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

Grain legumes produce high quality protein for food and feed, and provide ecosystem services contributing to sustainable cropping systems. Yet yield instability is perceived to be high, resulting in low adoption by farmers in Europe, where grain legumes were cultivated on only 1.5% of the arable land in 2014. The objective of this study was to assess whether grain legume yield instability has changed over time between 1953 and 2015. We used data from two long-term field experiments in Europe and accounted for yield differences between crops by applying Taylor’s Power Law (TPL) in a scale-adjusted coefficient of variation (aCV). The results showed that grain legume yield instability was higher than that of autumn-sown cereals, but similar to those of broad-leaved crops and spring-sown cereals. Temporal yield instability of all crops significantly increased over time by more than half from 1960 to 2015 in Borgeby (Sweden) and from 1953 to 2008 in Berlin-Dahlem (Germany). This happened despite progress in plant breeding and technical development in agronomy, and climate change may be an important driver. Our findings contribute to improving the perception of grain legumes in general and point towards necessary improvements to support adaption to climate change.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
OtsikkoAdvances in Legume Science and Practice
ToimittajatRob Carlton, Barbara Smith, Kalrsty Topp, Christine Watson
Sivumäärä6
JulkaisupaikkaWellesbourne, UK
KustantajaAssociation of Applied Biologists
Julkaisupäivä21 maaliskuuta 2018
Sivut15-20
TilaJulkaistu - 21 maaliskuuta 2018
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA4 Artikkeli konferenssijulkaisuussa
TapahtumaAdvances in Legume Science and Practice - Jury’s Inn Hotel, Glasgow, Britannia
Kesto: 21 maaliskuuta 201822 maaliskuuta 2018

Julkaisusarja

NimiAspects of Applied Biology
KustantajaAssociation of Applied Biologists
Numero138
ISSN (painettu)0265-1491

Tieteenalat

  • 4111 Maataloustiede

Lainaa tätä

Reckling, M., Döring, T. F., Bergkvist, G., Chmielewski, F-M., Stoddard, F. L., Watson, C. A., ... Bachinger, J. (2018). Grain legume yield instability has increased over 60 years in long-term field experiments as measured by a scale-adjusted coefficient of variation. teoksessa R. Carlton, B. Smith, K. Topp, & C. Watson (Toimittajat), Advances in Legume Science and Practice (Sivut 15-20). (Aspects of Applied Biology; Nro 138). Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biologists.
Reckling, Moritz ; Döring, Thomas F. ; Bergkvist, Göran ; Chmielewski, Frank-M. ; Stoddard, Frederick Lothrop ; Watson, Christine A. ; Seddig, Sylvia ; Bachinger, Johann. / Grain legume yield instability has increased over 60 years in long-term field experiments as measured by a scale-adjusted coefficient of variation. Advances in Legume Science and Practice. Toimittaja / Rob Carlton ; Barbara Smith ; Kalrsty Topp ; Christine Watson. Wellesbourne, UK : Association of Applied Biologists, 2018. Sivut 15-20 (Aspects of Applied Biology; 138).
@inproceedings{616c9c03619047138a0bb8948c960cb2,
title = "Grain legume yield instability has increased over 60 years in long-term field experiments as measured by a scale-adjusted coefficient of variation",
abstract = "Grain legumes produce high quality protein for food and feed, and provide ecosystem services contributing to sustainable cropping systems. Yet yield instability is perceived to be high, resulting in low adoption by farmers in Europe, where grain legumes were cultivated on only 1.5{\%} of the arable land in 2014. The objective of this study was to assess whether grain legume yield instability has changed over time between 1953 and 2015. We used data from two long-term field experiments in Europe and accounted for yield differences between crops by applying Taylor’s Power Law (TPL) in a scale-adjusted coefficient of variation (aCV). The results showed that grain legume yield instability was higher than that of autumn-sown cereals, but similar to those of broad-leaved crops and spring-sown cereals. Temporal yield instability of all crops significantly increased over time by more than half from 1960 to 2015 in Borgeby (Sweden) and from 1953 to 2008 in Berlin-Dahlem (Germany). This happened despite progress in plant breeding and technical development in agronomy, and climate change may be an important driver. Our findings contribute to improving the perception of grain legumes in general and point towards necessary improvements to support adaption to climate change.",
keywords = "4111 Agronomy, Cropping systems, Crop rotations, Legumes, Yield stability",
author = "Moritz Reckling and D{\"o}ring, {Thomas F.} and G{\"o}ran Bergkvist and Frank-M. Chmielewski and Stoddard, {Frederick Lothrop} and Watson, {Christine A.} and Sylvia Seddig and Johann Bachinger",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "21",
language = "English",
series = "Aspects of Applied Biology",
publisher = "Association of Applied Biologists",
number = "138",
pages = "15--20",
editor = "Rob Carlton and Barbara Smith and Kalrsty Topp and Christine Watson",
booktitle = "Advances in Legume Science and Practice",
address = "United Kingdom",

}

Reckling, M, Döring, TF, Bergkvist, G, Chmielewski, F-M, Stoddard, FL, Watson, CA, Seddig, S & Bachinger, J 2018, Grain legume yield instability has increased over 60 years in long-term field experiments as measured by a scale-adjusted coefficient of variation. julkaisussa R Carlton, B Smith, K Topp & C Watson (toim), Advances in Legume Science and Practice. Aspects of Applied Biology, Nro 138, Association of Applied Biologists, Wellesbourne, UK, Sivut 15-20, Advances in Legume Science and Practice, Glasgow, Britannia, 21/03/2018.

Grain legume yield instability has increased over 60 years in long-term field experiments as measured by a scale-adjusted coefficient of variation. / Reckling, Moritz; Döring, Thomas F.; Bergkvist, Göran; Chmielewski, Frank-M.; Stoddard, Frederick Lothrop; Watson, Christine A.; Seddig, Sylvia; Bachinger, Johann.

Advances in Legume Science and Practice. toim. / Rob Carlton; Barbara Smith; Kalrsty Topp; Christine Watson. Wellesbourne, UK : Association of Applied Biologists, 2018. s. 15-20 (Aspects of Applied Biology; Nro 138).

Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/raportissa/konferenssijulkaisussaKonferenssiartikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - GEN

T1 - Grain legume yield instability has increased over 60 years in long-term field experiments as measured by a scale-adjusted coefficient of variation

AU - Reckling, Moritz

AU - Döring, Thomas F.

AU - Bergkvist, Göran

AU - Chmielewski, Frank-M.

AU - Stoddard, Frederick Lothrop

AU - Watson, Christine A.

AU - Seddig, Sylvia

AU - Bachinger, Johann

PY - 2018/3/21

Y1 - 2018/3/21

N2 - Grain legumes produce high quality protein for food and feed, and provide ecosystem services contributing to sustainable cropping systems. Yet yield instability is perceived to be high, resulting in low adoption by farmers in Europe, where grain legumes were cultivated on only 1.5% of the arable land in 2014. The objective of this study was to assess whether grain legume yield instability has changed over time between 1953 and 2015. We used data from two long-term field experiments in Europe and accounted for yield differences between crops by applying Taylor’s Power Law (TPL) in a scale-adjusted coefficient of variation (aCV). The results showed that grain legume yield instability was higher than that of autumn-sown cereals, but similar to those of broad-leaved crops and spring-sown cereals. Temporal yield instability of all crops significantly increased over time by more than half from 1960 to 2015 in Borgeby (Sweden) and from 1953 to 2008 in Berlin-Dahlem (Germany). This happened despite progress in plant breeding and technical development in agronomy, and climate change may be an important driver. Our findings contribute to improving the perception of grain legumes in general and point towards necessary improvements to support adaption to climate change.

AB - Grain legumes produce high quality protein for food and feed, and provide ecosystem services contributing to sustainable cropping systems. Yet yield instability is perceived to be high, resulting in low adoption by farmers in Europe, where grain legumes were cultivated on only 1.5% of the arable land in 2014. The objective of this study was to assess whether grain legume yield instability has changed over time between 1953 and 2015. We used data from two long-term field experiments in Europe and accounted for yield differences between crops by applying Taylor’s Power Law (TPL) in a scale-adjusted coefficient of variation (aCV). The results showed that grain legume yield instability was higher than that of autumn-sown cereals, but similar to those of broad-leaved crops and spring-sown cereals. Temporal yield instability of all crops significantly increased over time by more than half from 1960 to 2015 in Borgeby (Sweden) and from 1953 to 2008 in Berlin-Dahlem (Germany). This happened despite progress in plant breeding and technical development in agronomy, and climate change may be an important driver. Our findings contribute to improving the perception of grain legumes in general and point towards necessary improvements to support adaption to climate change.

KW - 4111 Agronomy

KW - Cropping systems

KW - Crop rotations

KW - Legumes

KW - Yield stability

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - Aspects of Applied Biology

SP - 15

EP - 20

BT - Advances in Legume Science and Practice

A2 - Carlton, Rob

A2 - Smith, Barbara

A2 - Topp, Kalrsty

A2 - Watson, Christine

PB - Association of Applied Biologists

CY - Wellesbourne, UK

ER -

Reckling M, Döring TF, Bergkvist G, Chmielewski F-M, Stoddard FL, Watson CA et al. Grain legume yield instability has increased over 60 years in long-term field experiments as measured by a scale-adjusted coefficient of variation. julkaisussa Carlton R, Smith B, Topp K, Watson C, toimittajat, Advances in Legume Science and Practice. Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biologists. 2018. s. 15-20. (Aspects of Applied Biology; 138).