Grasslands of Northern Europe and the Baltic States

Jürgen Dengler, Traci Birge, Hans Henrik Bruun, Valerijus Rašomavičius, Solvita Rūsiņa, Hanne Sickel

Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/raportissa/konferenssijulkaisussaKirjan luku tai artikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

This chapter deals with the grasslands of Northern Europe (Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden) and the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania), with a focus on natural and semi-natural grasslands of the lowlands, thus treating arctic-alpine and strongly intensified types only marginally. At present, grasslands cover ca. 7% of the study region, half of which are natural grasslands (mostly arctic-alpine, to a smaller extent also azonal and extra-zonal) and the other half secondary grasslands created by human land use (livestock grazing or haymaking). Both grassland categories have high importance for biodiversity in many taxa. However, particularly the secondary grasslands are profoundly negatively affected by area loss (conversion to other land uses) and quality loss (mainly due to intensification and to abandonment). Conservation measures typically try to mimic traditional low-intensity land uses that are agronomically not profitable anymore.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
OtsikkoEncyclopedia of the World's Biomes
ToimittajatMichael Goldstein, Dominick DellaSala
Sivumäärä14
KustantajaElsevier, Oxford
Julkaisupäiväkesäkuuta 2020
Painos1.
Sivut689-702
ISBN (painettu)9780128160961, 0128160969
ISBN (elektroninen)9780128160978
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - kesäkuuta 2020
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA3 Kirjan tai muun kokoomateoksen osa

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