Hypothetical models in social science: their features and uses

Alessandra Basso, Caterina Marchionni, Chiara Lisciandra

Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/raportissa/konferenssijulkaisussaKirjan luku tai artikkeliTieteellinen

Kuvaus

The chapter addresses the philosophical issues raised by the use of hypothetical modeling in the social sciences. Hypotheticalmodeling involves the construction and analysis of simple hypothetical systems to represent complex social phenomena for the purpose of understanding those social phenomena.
To highlight its main features hypothetical modeling is compared both to laboratory experimentation and to computer simulation. In analogy with laboratory experiments, hypothetical models can be conceived of as scientific representations that attempt to isolate, theoretically, the working of causal mechanisms or capacities from disturbing factors.
However, unlike experiments, hypothetical models need to deal with the epistemic uncertainty due to the inevitable presence of unrealistic assumptions introduced for purposes of analytical tractability. Computer simulations have been claimed to be able to overcome some of the strictures of analytical tractability. Still they differ from hypotheticalmodels in how they derive conclusions and in the kind of understanding they provide.
The inevitable presence of unrealistic assumptions makes the legitimacy of the use of hypothetical modeling to learn about the world a particularly pressing problem in the social sciences. A review of the contemporary philosophical debate shows that there is still little agreement on what social scientific models are and what they are for.
This suggests that there might not be a single answer to the question of what is the epistemic value of hypothetical models in the social sciences.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
OtsikkoSpringer Handbook of Model-Based Science
ToimittajatLorenzo Magnani, Tommaso Bertolotti
Sivumäärä21
JulkaisupaikkaCham
KustantajaSpringer International Publishing
Julkaisupäivä2017
Sivut413-433
ISBN (painettu)978-3-319-30525-7
ISBN (elektroninen)978-3-319-30526-4
TilaJulkaistu - 2017
OKM-julkaisutyyppiB2 Kirjan tai muun kokoomateoksen osa

Julkaisusarja

NimiSpringer Handbooks

Tieteenalat

  • 611 Filosofia

Lainaa tätä

Basso, A., Marchionni, C., & Lisciandra, C. (2017). Hypothetical models in social science: their features and uses. teoksessa L. Magnani, & T. Bertolotti (Toimittajat), Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science (Sivut 413-433). (Springer Handbooks). Cham: Springer International Publishing .
Basso, Alessandra ; Marchionni, Caterina ; Lisciandra, Chiara. / Hypothetical models in social science : their features and uses. Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science. Toimittaja / Lorenzo Magnani ; Tommaso Bertolotti. Cham : Springer International Publishing , 2017. Sivut 413-433 (Springer Handbooks).
@inbook{5faf930fa310456a8653ae6cf20c4f58,
title = "Hypothetical models in social science: their features and uses",
abstract = "The chapter addresses the philosophical issues raised by the use of hypothetical modeling in the social sciences. Hypotheticalmodeling involves the construction and analysis of simple hypothetical systems to represent complex social phenomena for the purpose of understanding those social phenomena.To highlight its main features hypothetical modeling is compared both to laboratory experimentation and to computer simulation. In analogy with laboratory experiments, hypothetical models can be conceived of as scientific representations that attempt to isolate, theoretically, the working of causal mechanisms or capacities from disturbing factors.However, unlike experiments, hypothetical models need to deal with the epistemic uncertainty due to the inevitable presence of unrealistic assumptions introduced for purposes of analytical tractability. Computer simulations have been claimed to be able to overcome some of the strictures of analytical tractability. Still they differ from hypotheticalmodels in how they derive conclusions and in the kind of understanding they provide.The inevitable presence of unrealistic assumptions makes the legitimacy of the use of hypothetical modeling to learn about the world a particularly pressing problem in the social sciences. A review of the contemporary philosophical debate shows that there is still little agreement on what social scientific models are and what they are for.This suggests that there might not be a single answer to the question of what is the epistemic value of hypothetical models in the social sciences.",
keywords = "611 Philosophy",
author = "Alessandra Basso and Caterina Marchionni and Chiara Lisciandra",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-3-319-30525-7",
series = "Springer Handbooks",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing",
pages = "413--433",
editor = "Lorenzo Magnani and Tommaso Bertolotti",
booktitle = "Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science",
address = "International",

}

Basso, A, Marchionni, C & Lisciandra, C 2017, Hypothetical models in social science: their features and uses. julkaisussa L Magnani & T Bertolotti (toim), Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science. Springer Handbooks, Springer International Publishing , Cham, Sivut 413-433.

Hypothetical models in social science : their features and uses. / Basso, Alessandra; Marchionni, Caterina; Lisciandra, Chiara.

Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science. toim. / Lorenzo Magnani; Tommaso Bertolotti. Cham : Springer International Publishing , 2017. s. 413-433 (Springer Handbooks).

Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/raportissa/konferenssijulkaisussaKirjan luku tai artikkeliTieteellinen

TY - CHAP

T1 - Hypothetical models in social science

T2 - their features and uses

AU - Basso, Alessandra

AU - Marchionni, Caterina

AU - Lisciandra, Chiara

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The chapter addresses the philosophical issues raised by the use of hypothetical modeling in the social sciences. Hypotheticalmodeling involves the construction and analysis of simple hypothetical systems to represent complex social phenomena for the purpose of understanding those social phenomena.To highlight its main features hypothetical modeling is compared both to laboratory experimentation and to computer simulation. In analogy with laboratory experiments, hypothetical models can be conceived of as scientific representations that attempt to isolate, theoretically, the working of causal mechanisms or capacities from disturbing factors.However, unlike experiments, hypothetical models need to deal with the epistemic uncertainty due to the inevitable presence of unrealistic assumptions introduced for purposes of analytical tractability. Computer simulations have been claimed to be able to overcome some of the strictures of analytical tractability. Still they differ from hypotheticalmodels in how they derive conclusions and in the kind of understanding they provide.The inevitable presence of unrealistic assumptions makes the legitimacy of the use of hypothetical modeling to learn about the world a particularly pressing problem in the social sciences. A review of the contemporary philosophical debate shows that there is still little agreement on what social scientific models are and what they are for.This suggests that there might not be a single answer to the question of what is the epistemic value of hypothetical models in the social sciences.

AB - The chapter addresses the philosophical issues raised by the use of hypothetical modeling in the social sciences. Hypotheticalmodeling involves the construction and analysis of simple hypothetical systems to represent complex social phenomena for the purpose of understanding those social phenomena.To highlight its main features hypothetical modeling is compared both to laboratory experimentation and to computer simulation. In analogy with laboratory experiments, hypothetical models can be conceived of as scientific representations that attempt to isolate, theoretically, the working of causal mechanisms or capacities from disturbing factors.However, unlike experiments, hypothetical models need to deal with the epistemic uncertainty due to the inevitable presence of unrealistic assumptions introduced for purposes of analytical tractability. Computer simulations have been claimed to be able to overcome some of the strictures of analytical tractability. Still they differ from hypotheticalmodels in how they derive conclusions and in the kind of understanding they provide.The inevitable presence of unrealistic assumptions makes the legitimacy of the use of hypothetical modeling to learn about the world a particularly pressing problem in the social sciences. A review of the contemporary philosophical debate shows that there is still little agreement on what social scientific models are and what they are for.This suggests that there might not be a single answer to the question of what is the epistemic value of hypothetical models in the social sciences.

KW - 611 Philosophy

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-3-319-30525-7

T3 - Springer Handbooks

SP - 413

EP - 433

BT - Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science

A2 - Magnani, Lorenzo

A2 - Bertolotti, Tommaso

PB - Springer International Publishing

CY - Cham

ER -

Basso A, Marchionni C, Lisciandra C. Hypothetical models in social science: their features and uses. julkaisussa Magnani L, Bertolotti T, toimittajat, Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing . 2017. s. 413-433. (Springer Handbooks).