Implicit, intuitive, and explicit knowledge of abstract regularities in a sound sequence

an event-related brain potential study

Titia L van Zuijen, Veerle L. Simoens, Petri Paavilainen, Risto Näätänen, Mari Tervaniemi

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

"Implicit knowledge has been proposed to be the substrate of intuition because intuitive judgments resemble implicit processes. We investigated whether the automatically elicited mismatch negativity (MMN) component of the auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) can reflect implicit knowledge and whether this knowledge can be utilized for intuitive sound discrimination. We also determined the sensitivity of the attention- and task-dependent P3 component to intuitive versus explicit knowledge. We recorded the ERPs elicited in an ""abstract"" oddball paradigm. Tone pairs roving over different frequencies but with a constant ascending inter-pair interval, were presented as frequent standard events. The standards were occasionally replaced by deviating, descending tone pairs. The ERPs were recorded under both ignore and attend conditions. Subjects were interviewed and classified on the basis of whether or not they could datect the deviants. The deviants elicited an MMN even in subjects who subsequent to the MMN recording did not express awareness of the deviants. This suggests that these subjects possessed implicit knowledge of the sound-sequence structure. Some of these subjects learned, in an associative training session, to detect the deviants intuitively, that is, they could detect the deviants but did not give a correct description of how the deviants differed from the standards. Intuitive deviant detection was not accompanied by P3 elicitation whereas subjects who developed explicit knowledge of the sound sequence during the training did show a P3 to the detected deviants."
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Vuosikerta18
Numero8
Sivut1292-1303
Sivumäärä12
ISSN0898-929X
TilaJulkaistu - 2006
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 515 Psykologia

Lainaa tätä

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abstract = "{"}Implicit knowledge has been proposed to be the substrate of intuition because intuitive judgments resemble implicit processes. We investigated whether the automatically elicited mismatch negativity (MMN) component of the auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) can reflect implicit knowledge and whether this knowledge can be utilized for intuitive sound discrimination. We also determined the sensitivity of the attention- and task-dependent P3 component to intuitive versus explicit knowledge. We recorded the ERPs elicited in an {"}{"}abstract{"}{"} oddball paradigm. Tone pairs roving over different frequencies but with a constant ascending inter-pair interval, were presented as frequent standard events. The standards were occasionally replaced by deviating, descending tone pairs. The ERPs were recorded under both ignore and attend conditions. Subjects were interviewed and classified on the basis of whether or not they could datect the deviants. The deviants elicited an MMN even in subjects who subsequent to the MMN recording did not express awareness of the deviants. This suggests that these subjects possessed implicit knowledge of the sound-sequence structure. Some of these subjects learned, in an associative training session, to detect the deviants intuitively, that is, they could detect the deviants but did not give a correct description of how the deviants differed from the standards. Intuitive deviant detection was not accompanied by P3 elicitation whereas subjects who developed explicit knowledge of the sound sequence during the training did show a P3 to the detected deviants.{"}",
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author = "{van Zuijen}, {Titia L} and Simoens, {Veerle L.} and Petri Paavilainen and Risto N{\"a}{\"a}t{\"a}nen and Mari Tervaniemi",
year = "2006",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "1292--1303",
journal = "Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience",
issn = "0898-929X",
publisher = "MIT Press",
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Implicit, intuitive, and explicit knowledge of abstract regularities in a sound sequence : an event-related brain potential study. / van Zuijen, Titia L; Simoens, Veerle L.; Paavilainen, Petri; Näätänen, Risto; Tervaniemi, Mari.

julkaisussa: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Vuosikerta 18, Nro 8, 2006, s. 1292-1303.

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - JOUR

T1 - Implicit, intuitive, and explicit knowledge of abstract regularities in a sound sequence

T2 - an event-related brain potential study

AU - van Zuijen, Titia L

AU - Simoens, Veerle L.

AU - Paavilainen, Petri

AU - Näätänen, Risto

AU - Tervaniemi, Mari

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - "Implicit knowledge has been proposed to be the substrate of intuition because intuitive judgments resemble implicit processes. We investigated whether the automatically elicited mismatch negativity (MMN) component of the auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) can reflect implicit knowledge and whether this knowledge can be utilized for intuitive sound discrimination. We also determined the sensitivity of the attention- and task-dependent P3 component to intuitive versus explicit knowledge. We recorded the ERPs elicited in an ""abstract"" oddball paradigm. Tone pairs roving over different frequencies but with a constant ascending inter-pair interval, were presented as frequent standard events. The standards were occasionally replaced by deviating, descending tone pairs. The ERPs were recorded under both ignore and attend conditions. Subjects were interviewed and classified on the basis of whether or not they could datect the deviants. The deviants elicited an MMN even in subjects who subsequent to the MMN recording did not express awareness of the deviants. This suggests that these subjects possessed implicit knowledge of the sound-sequence structure. Some of these subjects learned, in an associative training session, to detect the deviants intuitively, that is, they could detect the deviants but did not give a correct description of how the deviants differed from the standards. Intuitive deviant detection was not accompanied by P3 elicitation whereas subjects who developed explicit knowledge of the sound sequence during the training did show a P3 to the detected deviants."

AB - "Implicit knowledge has been proposed to be the substrate of intuition because intuitive judgments resemble implicit processes. We investigated whether the automatically elicited mismatch negativity (MMN) component of the auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) can reflect implicit knowledge and whether this knowledge can be utilized for intuitive sound discrimination. We also determined the sensitivity of the attention- and task-dependent P3 component to intuitive versus explicit knowledge. We recorded the ERPs elicited in an ""abstract"" oddball paradigm. Tone pairs roving over different frequencies but with a constant ascending inter-pair interval, were presented as frequent standard events. The standards were occasionally replaced by deviating, descending tone pairs. The ERPs were recorded under both ignore and attend conditions. Subjects were interviewed and classified on the basis of whether or not they could datect the deviants. The deviants elicited an MMN even in subjects who subsequent to the MMN recording did not express awareness of the deviants. This suggests that these subjects possessed implicit knowledge of the sound-sequence structure. Some of these subjects learned, in an associative training session, to detect the deviants intuitively, that is, they could detect the deviants but did not give a correct description of how the deviants differed from the standards. Intuitive deviant detection was not accompanied by P3 elicitation whereas subjects who developed explicit knowledge of the sound sequence during the training did show a P3 to the detected deviants."

KW - 515 Psychology

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 1292

EP - 1303

JO - Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience

JF - Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience

SN - 0898-929X

IS - 8

ER -