Insect consumption attitudes among vegans, non-vegan vegetarians, and omnivores

Anna-Liisa Elorinne, Mari Niva, Outi Vartiainen, Pertti Väisänen

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

Background: Consumption of foods of insect origin is encouraged, since insect consumption is seen as one of the responses to the environmental impact of meat production. This study examines the attitude (A), subjective norm (SN), perceived behavioral control (PC), and food neophobia (FN) toward the consumption of foods of insect origin, as well as the conditions for eating insect-based foods among vegans, vegetarians, and omnivores. Methods: The data was obtained by using an online survey and convenience sampling (n = 567, of whom omnivores represented 74%, vegans 5%, and non-vegan vegetarians 22%). Results: The three dietary groups exhibited significantly different intention (I) to eat foods of insect origin. Vegans held the most rigid negative attitude (A), and their subjective norm (SN) to eat insects was weaker compared to that of omnivores (p <0.001) and non-vegan vegetarians (p <0.001). Vegans' perceived behavioral control (PC) over their eating of insects was stronger compared to that of omnivores (p <0.001) and non-vegan vegetarians p <0.001), and they were more neophobic than omnivores (p <0.001) and non-vegan vegetarians (p <0.001). Non-vegan vegetarians held the most positive attitude toward eating insects, and both non-vegan vegetarians and omnivores thought that insect consumption is wise and offers a solution to the world's nutrition problems. In contrast, vegans regarded insect consumption as immoral and irresponsible. Conclusions: Vegans' weak intention, negative attitude, and low willingness to eat insects in the future exhibit their different dietarian identity compared to that of omnivores and non-vegan vegetarians.

Alkuperäiskielienglanti
Artikkeli292
LehtiNutrients
Vuosikerta11
Numero2
Sivumäärä14
ISSN2072-6643
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - helmikuuta 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

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  • 416 Elintarviketieteet

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Elorinne, Anna-Liisa ; Niva, Mari ; Vartiainen, Outi ; Väisänen, Pertti. / Insect consumption attitudes among vegans, non-vegan vegetarians, and omnivores. Julkaisussa: Nutrients. 2019 ; Vuosikerta 11, Nro 2.
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title = "Insect consumption attitudes among vegans, non-vegan vegetarians, and omnivores",
abstract = "Background: Consumption of foods of insect origin is encouraged, since insect consumption is seen as one of the responses to the environmental impact of meat production. This study examines the attitude (A), subjective norm (SN), perceived behavioral control (PC), and food neophobia (FN) toward the consumption of foods of insect origin, as well as the conditions for eating insect-based foods among vegans, vegetarians, and omnivores. Methods: The data was obtained by using an online survey and convenience sampling (n = 567, of whom omnivores represented 74{\%}, vegans 5{\%}, and non-vegan vegetarians 22{\%}). Results: The three dietary groups exhibited significantly different intention (I) to eat foods of insect origin. Vegans held the most rigid negative attitude (A), and their subjective norm (SN) to eat insects was weaker compared to that of omnivores (p <0.001) and non-vegan vegetarians (p <0.001). Vegans' perceived behavioral control (PC) over their eating of insects was stronger compared to that of omnivores (p <0.001) and non-vegan vegetarians p <0.001), and they were more neophobic than omnivores (p <0.001) and non-vegan vegetarians (p <0.001). Non-vegan vegetarians held the most positive attitude toward eating insects, and both non-vegan vegetarians and omnivores thought that insect consumption is wise and offers a solution to the world's nutrition problems. In contrast, vegans regarded insect consumption as immoral and irresponsible. Conclusions: Vegans' weak intention, negative attitude, and low willingness to eat insects in the future exhibit their different dietarian identity compared to that of omnivores and non-vegan vegetarians.",
keywords = "insect consumption, vegetarian, vegan, omnivore, attitude, intention, theory of planned behavior, FOOD NEOPHOBIA, HEALTH, BEHAVIOR, CONSUMERS, MOTIVES, 416 Food Science",
author = "Anna-Liisa Elorinne and Mari Niva and Outi Vartiainen and Pertti V{\"a}is{\"a}nen",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
doi = "10.3390/nu11020292",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Nutrients",
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Insect consumption attitudes among vegans, non-vegan vegetarians, and omnivores. / Elorinne, Anna-Liisa; Niva, Mari; Vartiainen, Outi; Väisänen, Pertti.

julkaisussa: Nutrients, Vuosikerta 11, Nro 2, 292, 02.2019.

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - JOUR

T1 - Insect consumption attitudes among vegans, non-vegan vegetarians, and omnivores

AU - Elorinne, Anna-Liisa

AU - Niva, Mari

AU - Vartiainen, Outi

AU - Väisänen, Pertti

PY - 2019/2

Y1 - 2019/2

N2 - Background: Consumption of foods of insect origin is encouraged, since insect consumption is seen as one of the responses to the environmental impact of meat production. This study examines the attitude (A), subjective norm (SN), perceived behavioral control (PC), and food neophobia (FN) toward the consumption of foods of insect origin, as well as the conditions for eating insect-based foods among vegans, vegetarians, and omnivores. Methods: The data was obtained by using an online survey and convenience sampling (n = 567, of whom omnivores represented 74%, vegans 5%, and non-vegan vegetarians 22%). Results: The three dietary groups exhibited significantly different intention (I) to eat foods of insect origin. Vegans held the most rigid negative attitude (A), and their subjective norm (SN) to eat insects was weaker compared to that of omnivores (p <0.001) and non-vegan vegetarians (p <0.001). Vegans' perceived behavioral control (PC) over their eating of insects was stronger compared to that of omnivores (p <0.001) and non-vegan vegetarians p <0.001), and they were more neophobic than omnivores (p <0.001) and non-vegan vegetarians (p <0.001). Non-vegan vegetarians held the most positive attitude toward eating insects, and both non-vegan vegetarians and omnivores thought that insect consumption is wise and offers a solution to the world's nutrition problems. In contrast, vegans regarded insect consumption as immoral and irresponsible. Conclusions: Vegans' weak intention, negative attitude, and low willingness to eat insects in the future exhibit their different dietarian identity compared to that of omnivores and non-vegan vegetarians.

AB - Background: Consumption of foods of insect origin is encouraged, since insect consumption is seen as one of the responses to the environmental impact of meat production. This study examines the attitude (A), subjective norm (SN), perceived behavioral control (PC), and food neophobia (FN) toward the consumption of foods of insect origin, as well as the conditions for eating insect-based foods among vegans, vegetarians, and omnivores. Methods: The data was obtained by using an online survey and convenience sampling (n = 567, of whom omnivores represented 74%, vegans 5%, and non-vegan vegetarians 22%). Results: The three dietary groups exhibited significantly different intention (I) to eat foods of insect origin. Vegans held the most rigid negative attitude (A), and their subjective norm (SN) to eat insects was weaker compared to that of omnivores (p <0.001) and non-vegan vegetarians (p <0.001). Vegans' perceived behavioral control (PC) over their eating of insects was stronger compared to that of omnivores (p <0.001) and non-vegan vegetarians p <0.001), and they were more neophobic than omnivores (p <0.001) and non-vegan vegetarians (p <0.001). Non-vegan vegetarians held the most positive attitude toward eating insects, and both non-vegan vegetarians and omnivores thought that insect consumption is wise and offers a solution to the world's nutrition problems. In contrast, vegans regarded insect consumption as immoral and irresponsible. Conclusions: Vegans' weak intention, negative attitude, and low willingness to eat insects in the future exhibit their different dietarian identity compared to that of omnivores and non-vegan vegetarians.

KW - insect consumption

KW - vegetarian

KW - vegan

KW - omnivore

KW - attitude

KW - intention

KW - theory of planned behavior

KW - FOOD NEOPHOBIA

KW - HEALTH

KW - BEHAVIOR

KW - CONSUMERS

KW - MOTIVES

KW - 416 Food Science

U2 - 10.3390/nu11020292

DO - 10.3390/nu11020292

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Nutrients

JF - Nutrients

SN - 2072-6643

IS - 2

M1 - 292

ER -