Intracortical modulation of somatosensory evoked fields during movement: Evidence for selective suppression of postsynaptic inhibition

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

As accurate finger movements depend on guidance by afferent sensory feedback information, it is of interest to examine how the cortical processing of afferent signals is altered during movement states compared with rest. In the present study we evaluated afferent input to the primary somatosensory cortex (SI) in human subjects performing a finger opposition task. We recorded somatosensory evoked magnetic fields (SEFs) in 6 healthy subjects to stimulation of left and right median nerves in a resting condition and during active right-sided finger movements. At the left SI, the SEFs to right (moving hand) median nerve stimulation showed a selective and robust reduction of the P35m deflection during movement compared with rest, while there were only minor non-significant changes in the other SEF deflections, including N20m, which represents the 1st excitatory cortical event after stimulation. In contrast, at the right SI the SEFs to left (non-moving hand) median nerve stimulation were modified in the opposite direction: the P35m deflection was slightly enhanced during right-sided movement, there being no significant changes in the other deflections. The results thus show that the P35m SEF deflection can be selectively reduced during finger movements of the stimulated hand, and selectively enhanced if the movement is being performed with the fingers of the opposite hand. Because N20m was not changed, the modulation took place at the cortical level rather than in the afferent pathways. As the P35m SEF deflection likely represents postsynaptic IPSPs at SI, the results suggest that postsynaptic inhibition to somatosensory impulses from the moving part of the body is suppressed. Comparison of the present results with recent intracellular studies in behaving mice suggests that the P35m reduction specifically corresponds to a reduction in the activity of parvalbumin-containing fast-spiking inhibitory interneurons during movement. The results provide evidence that precision movements can be executed without this type of cortical postsynaptic inhibition.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiBrain Research
Vuosikerta2012
Numero1459
Sivut43-51
Sivumäärä9
ISSN0006-8993
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 2012
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

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  • 3112 Neurotieteet

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