Location Data, Personal Data Protection and Privacy in Mobile Device Usage

An EU Law Perspective

Tutkimustuotos: OpinnäyteVäitöskirjaArtikkelikokoelma

Kuvaus

Using location-based services (LBSs) via location-aware applications (apps) and websites on devices including smartphones, tablets and laptops has become inevitable for most device users. Smartphones and smart devices are equipped with sophisticated positioning sensors that can determine the location and physical movements of their users. A variety of risks and threats have been associated with the location data privacy of individuals in this digital era. This dissertation addresses a common and significant legal problem: the relationship between collection of location data in mobile device usage and the European Union (EU) law on the protection of personal location data and privacy.
Along with the traditional human rights law, the EU information and communications technology (ICT) as well as data protection law play a significant role in the privacy and personal data protection of mobile device users. Article 4(1) of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) expressly includes location data as an “identifier” of personal data. This dissertation pictures the vulnerabilities of location and location data (which may potentially be sensitive data) in mobile devices and while using the Internet and particular apps on those devices. The theoretical framework for the dissertation includes the EU as a single society in the digital environment, as well as location privacy and cross-border issues under EU data protection law. The need to obtain user consent and maintain transparency and accountability on behalf of online platforms and other responsible bodies as data controllers and processors are also described.
The main aspect related to localisation in mobile devices concerns data protection addressing protection of privacy online and personal data which includes location data. This aspect emphasises the efficiency of EU data protection legal system, more specifically with the introduction of the GDPR, which can effectively bind data controllers such as multinational technology companies, online platforms and other entities for safeguarding data subjects’ right to privacy and personal data protection and for the promotion of smooth and safe public participation on the Internet via mobile devices.
At the same time, the dissertation covers international and EU Law aspects of the mitigation of harmful radio interference in Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and radio communication system for the accuracy in location estimation and location services. On the ground of protection of privacy, the EU law does not permit using illegal devices like jamming and spoofing devices which hamper GNSS technology and services.
By researching a comparatively new branch of law and a new topic, the dissertation contributes to the efficient protection of location data and privacy.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
Valvoja/neuvonantaja
  • Korpisaari (ex. Tiilikka), Päivi, Valvoja
JulkaisupaikkaHelsinki
Kustantaja
Painoksen ISBN978-951-51-4660-1
Sähköinen ISBN978-951-51-4661-8
TilaJulkaistu - joulukuuta 2018
OKM-julkaisutyyppiG5 Tohtorinväitöskirja (artikkeli)

Tieteenalat

  • 513 Oikeustiede

Lainaa tätä

@phdthesis{96776627bcf246e3afebc22e5cc637fc,
title = "Location Data, Personal Data Protection and Privacy in Mobile Device Usage: An EU Law Perspective",
abstract = "Using location-based services (LBSs) via location-aware applications (apps) and websites on devices including smartphones, tablets and laptops has become inevitable for most device users. Smartphones and smart devices are equipped with sophisticated positioning sensors that can determine the location and physical movements of their users. A variety of risks and threats have been associated with the location data privacy of individuals in this digital era. This dissertation addresses a common and significant legal problem: the relationship between collection of location data in mobile device usage and the European Union (EU) law on the protection of personal location data and privacy.Along with the traditional human rights law, the EU information and communications technology (ICT) as well as data protection law play a significant role in the privacy and personal data protection of mobile device users. Article 4(1) of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) expressly includes location data as an “identifier” of personal data. This dissertation pictures the vulnerabilities of location and location data (which may potentially be sensitive data) in mobile devices and while using the Internet and particular apps on those devices. The theoretical framework for the dissertation includes the EU as a single society in the digital environment, as well as location privacy and cross-border issues under EU data protection law. The need to obtain user consent and maintain transparency and accountability on behalf of online platforms and other responsible bodies as data controllers and processors are also described.The main aspect related to localisation in mobile devices concerns data protection addressing protection of privacy online and personal data which includes location data. This aspect emphasises the efficiency of EU data protection legal system, more specifically with the introduction of the GDPR, which can effectively bind data controllers such as multinational technology companies, online platforms and other entities for safeguarding data subjects’ right to privacy and personal data protection and for the promotion of smooth and safe public participation on the Internet via mobile devices.At the same time, the dissertation covers international and EU Law aspects of the mitigation of harmful radio interference in Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and radio communication system for the accuracy in location estimation and location services. On the ground of protection of privacy, the EU law does not permit using illegal devices like jamming and spoofing devices which hamper GNSS technology and services.By researching a comparatively new branch of law and a new topic, the dissertation contributes to the efficient protection of location data and privacy.",
keywords = "513 Law",
author = "Shakila Bu-Pasha",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-951-51-4660-1",
publisher = "Unigrafia oy",
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Location Data, Personal Data Protection and Privacy in Mobile Device Usage : An EU Law Perspective. / Bu-Pasha, Shakila.

Helsinki : Unigrafia oy, 2018. 172 s.

Tutkimustuotos: OpinnäyteVäitöskirjaArtikkelikokoelma

TY - THES

T1 - Location Data, Personal Data Protection and Privacy in Mobile Device Usage

T2 - An EU Law Perspective

AU - Bu-Pasha, Shakila

PY - 2018/12

Y1 - 2018/12

N2 - Using location-based services (LBSs) via location-aware applications (apps) and websites on devices including smartphones, tablets and laptops has become inevitable for most device users. Smartphones and smart devices are equipped with sophisticated positioning sensors that can determine the location and physical movements of their users. A variety of risks and threats have been associated with the location data privacy of individuals in this digital era. This dissertation addresses a common and significant legal problem: the relationship between collection of location data in mobile device usage and the European Union (EU) law on the protection of personal location data and privacy.Along with the traditional human rights law, the EU information and communications technology (ICT) as well as data protection law play a significant role in the privacy and personal data protection of mobile device users. Article 4(1) of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) expressly includes location data as an “identifier” of personal data. This dissertation pictures the vulnerabilities of location and location data (which may potentially be sensitive data) in mobile devices and while using the Internet and particular apps on those devices. The theoretical framework for the dissertation includes the EU as a single society in the digital environment, as well as location privacy and cross-border issues under EU data protection law. The need to obtain user consent and maintain transparency and accountability on behalf of online platforms and other responsible bodies as data controllers and processors are also described.The main aspect related to localisation in mobile devices concerns data protection addressing protection of privacy online and personal data which includes location data. This aspect emphasises the efficiency of EU data protection legal system, more specifically with the introduction of the GDPR, which can effectively bind data controllers such as multinational technology companies, online platforms and other entities for safeguarding data subjects’ right to privacy and personal data protection and for the promotion of smooth and safe public participation on the Internet via mobile devices.At the same time, the dissertation covers international and EU Law aspects of the mitigation of harmful radio interference in Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and radio communication system for the accuracy in location estimation and location services. On the ground of protection of privacy, the EU law does not permit using illegal devices like jamming and spoofing devices which hamper GNSS technology and services.By researching a comparatively new branch of law and a new topic, the dissertation contributes to the efficient protection of location data and privacy.

AB - Using location-based services (LBSs) via location-aware applications (apps) and websites on devices including smartphones, tablets and laptops has become inevitable for most device users. Smartphones and smart devices are equipped with sophisticated positioning sensors that can determine the location and physical movements of their users. A variety of risks and threats have been associated with the location data privacy of individuals in this digital era. This dissertation addresses a common and significant legal problem: the relationship between collection of location data in mobile device usage and the European Union (EU) law on the protection of personal location data and privacy.Along with the traditional human rights law, the EU information and communications technology (ICT) as well as data protection law play a significant role in the privacy and personal data protection of mobile device users. Article 4(1) of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) expressly includes location data as an “identifier” of personal data. This dissertation pictures the vulnerabilities of location and location data (which may potentially be sensitive data) in mobile devices and while using the Internet and particular apps on those devices. The theoretical framework for the dissertation includes the EU as a single society in the digital environment, as well as location privacy and cross-border issues under EU data protection law. The need to obtain user consent and maintain transparency and accountability on behalf of online platforms and other responsible bodies as data controllers and processors are also described.The main aspect related to localisation in mobile devices concerns data protection addressing protection of privacy online and personal data which includes location data. This aspect emphasises the efficiency of EU data protection legal system, more specifically with the introduction of the GDPR, which can effectively bind data controllers such as multinational technology companies, online platforms and other entities for safeguarding data subjects’ right to privacy and personal data protection and for the promotion of smooth and safe public participation on the Internet via mobile devices.At the same time, the dissertation covers international and EU Law aspects of the mitigation of harmful radio interference in Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and radio communication system for the accuracy in location estimation and location services. On the ground of protection of privacy, the EU law does not permit using illegal devices like jamming and spoofing devices which hamper GNSS technology and services.By researching a comparatively new branch of law and a new topic, the dissertation contributes to the efficient protection of location data and privacy.

KW - 513 Law

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

SN - 978-951-51-4660-1

PB - Unigrafia oy

CY - Helsinki

ER -