Metabolite Profiling of Paraquat Tolerant Arabidopsis thaliana Radical-induced Cell Death1 (rcd1)—A Mediator of Antioxidant Defence Mechanisms

Nina Sipari, Jenna Lihavainen, Markku Keinänen

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

RADICAL-INDUCED CELL DEATH1 (RCD1) is an Arabidopsis thaliana nuclear protein
that is disrupted during oxidative stress. RCD1 is considered an important integrative node in
development and stress responses, and the rcd1 plants have several phenotypes and altered resistance
to a variety of abiotic and biotic stresses. One of the phenotypes of rcd1 is resistance to the herbicide
paraquat, but the mechanisms behind it are unknown. Paraquat causes a rapid burst of reactive
oxygen species (ROS) initially in the chloroplast. We performed multi-platform metabolomic analyses
in wild type Col-0 and paraquat resistant rcd1 plants to identify pathways conveying resistance
and the function of RCD1 in this respect. Wild type and rcd1 plants were clearly distinguished by
their abundance of antioxidants and specialized metabolites and their responses to paraquat. The
lack of response in rcd1 suggested constitutively active defense against ROS via elevated flavonoid,
glutathione, -carotene, and tocopherol levels, whereas its ascorbic acid levels were compromised
under non-stressed control conditions when compared to Col-0. We propose that RCD1 acts as a hub
that maintains basal antioxidant system, and its inactivation induces defense responses by enhancing
the biosynthesis and redox cycling of low molecular weight antioxidants and specialized metabolites
with profound antioxidant activities alleviating oxidative stress.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
Artikkeli2034
LehtiAntioxidants
Vuosikerta11
Numero10
Sivut1-18
Sivumäärä18
ISSN2076-3921
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 15 lokak. 2022
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 1182 Biokemia, solu- ja molekyylibiologia
  • 11831 Kasvibiologia

Siteeraa tätä