Microbial Fatty acids and Thermal Adaptation

Merja Suutari, Simo Laakso

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuKatsausartikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

The existing litterature on the role of fatty acids in microbial temperature adaptation is reviewed. Severl modes of change of cellular fatty acids at varying environmental temperatures are shown to exist in yeasts and fungi, Gram-negative bacteria, and bacteria containing iso- and anteiso-branced fatty acids, as well as in a few Gram-positive bacteria. Consequently, the degree of fatty acid unsaturation and cyclization, fatty acid chain length, branching, and cellular fatty acid content increase, decrease, or remain unaltered on lowering the temperature. Moreover, microorganisms seem to be able to change from one mode of alter the cellular fatty acid profile temeprature dependently to another on lowering the temeprature, as well as even within the same growth temperature range, depending on growth conditions. Therefore, the effect of the temperature on cellular fatty acids appears to be more complicated than known earlier. However, similarities found in the modes of change of cellular fatty acids at varying environmetal temperatures in several microorganisms within the above mentioned groups support the existence of a limited amount of common regulatory mechanisms. The models persented enable the prediction of temperature-induced changes occurring in the fatty acids of microorganisms, and enzymatic steps of the fatty acid biosynthesis that possibly are under temperature control.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiCritical Reviews in Microbiology
Vuosikerta20
Numero4
Sivut285-328
Sivumäärä44
ISSN1040-841X
TilaJulkaistu - huhtikuuta 1994
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA2 Katsausartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Lainaa tätä

Suutari, Merja ; Laakso, Simo. / Microbial Fatty acids and Thermal Adaptation. Julkaisussa: Critical Reviews in Microbiology. 1994 ; Vuosikerta 20, Nro 4. Sivut 285-328.
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title = "Microbial Fatty acids and Thermal Adaptation",
abstract = "The existing litterature on the role of fatty acids in microbial temperature adaptation is reviewed. Severl modes of change of cellular fatty acids at varying environmental temperatures are shown to exist in yeasts and fungi, Gram-negative bacteria, and bacteria containing iso- and anteiso-branced fatty acids, as well as in a few Gram-positive bacteria. Consequently, the degree of fatty acid unsaturation and cyclization, fatty acid chain length, branching, and cellular fatty acid content increase, decrease, or remain unaltered on lowering the temperature. Moreover, microorganisms seem to be able to change from one mode of alter the cellular fatty acid profile temeprature dependently to another on lowering the temeprature, as well as even within the same growth temperature range, depending on growth conditions. Therefore, the effect of the temperature on cellular fatty acids appears to be more complicated than known earlier. However, similarities found in the modes of change of cellular fatty acids at varying environmetal temperatures in several microorganisms within the above mentioned groups support the existence of a limited amount of common regulatory mechanisms. The models persented enable the prediction of temperature-induced changes occurring in the fatty acids of microorganisms, and enzymatic steps of the fatty acid biosynthesis that possibly are under temperature control.",
author = "Merja Suutari and Simo Laakso",
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Suutari, M & Laakso, S 1994, 'Microbial Fatty acids and Thermal Adaptation', Critical Reviews in Microbiology, Vuosikerta 20, Nro 4, Sivut 285-328.

Microbial Fatty acids and Thermal Adaptation. / Suutari, Merja; Laakso, Simo.

julkaisussa: Critical Reviews in Microbiology, Vuosikerta 20, Nro 4, 04.1994, s. 285-328.

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuKatsausartikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - JOUR

T1 - Microbial Fatty acids and Thermal Adaptation

AU - Suutari, Merja

AU - Laakso, Simo

PY - 1994/4

Y1 - 1994/4

N2 - The existing litterature on the role of fatty acids in microbial temperature adaptation is reviewed. Severl modes of change of cellular fatty acids at varying environmental temperatures are shown to exist in yeasts and fungi, Gram-negative bacteria, and bacteria containing iso- and anteiso-branced fatty acids, as well as in a few Gram-positive bacteria. Consequently, the degree of fatty acid unsaturation and cyclization, fatty acid chain length, branching, and cellular fatty acid content increase, decrease, or remain unaltered on lowering the temperature. Moreover, microorganisms seem to be able to change from one mode of alter the cellular fatty acid profile temeprature dependently to another on lowering the temeprature, as well as even within the same growth temperature range, depending on growth conditions. Therefore, the effect of the temperature on cellular fatty acids appears to be more complicated than known earlier. However, similarities found in the modes of change of cellular fatty acids at varying environmetal temperatures in several microorganisms within the above mentioned groups support the existence of a limited amount of common regulatory mechanisms. The models persented enable the prediction of temperature-induced changes occurring in the fatty acids of microorganisms, and enzymatic steps of the fatty acid biosynthesis that possibly are under temperature control.

AB - The existing litterature on the role of fatty acids in microbial temperature adaptation is reviewed. Severl modes of change of cellular fatty acids at varying environmental temperatures are shown to exist in yeasts and fungi, Gram-negative bacteria, and bacteria containing iso- and anteiso-branced fatty acids, as well as in a few Gram-positive bacteria. Consequently, the degree of fatty acid unsaturation and cyclization, fatty acid chain length, branching, and cellular fatty acid content increase, decrease, or remain unaltered on lowering the temperature. Moreover, microorganisms seem to be able to change from one mode of alter the cellular fatty acid profile temeprature dependently to another on lowering the temeprature, as well as even within the same growth temperature range, depending on growth conditions. Therefore, the effect of the temperature on cellular fatty acids appears to be more complicated than known earlier. However, similarities found in the modes of change of cellular fatty acids at varying environmetal temperatures in several microorganisms within the above mentioned groups support the existence of a limited amount of common regulatory mechanisms. The models persented enable the prediction of temperature-induced changes occurring in the fatty acids of microorganisms, and enzymatic steps of the fatty acid biosynthesis that possibly are under temperature control.

M3 - Review Article

VL - 20

SP - 285

EP - 328

JO - Critical Reviews in Microbiology

JF - Critical Reviews in Microbiology

SN - 1040-841X

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ER -