This chapter looks at Russia’s modernization in the field of foreign policy and external relations. We distinguish between four different approaches to Russia’s foreign policy modernization: military, economic, soft power, and ecological. Each approach opens up a different perspective on what is meant by modernization, and what this means in terms of Russia’s foreign policy. Russia’s overall modernization has not followed a single paradigm, and the end result has therefore not been in line with any particular theoretical projection – since Russia has enough leeway to resist global trends. But neither has it been an outcome of Russia’s own ideas of modernization, since the global environment has been resistant to Russia’s own approaches. Russian foreign policy remains multi-dimensional, and contains within itself several tensions. Placing Russian foreign policy modernization in this context, we suggest a new vocabulary conceptualizing the tensions with two major antinomies; global processes versus nationalistic closing, and great powerness versus economic interdependency. Russia cannot avoid these tensions, nor is it an impotent agent; it must find ways to mediate them.
|Otsikko||Russian Modernization : A New Paradigm|
|Toimittajat||Markku Kivinen, Brendan G Humphreys|
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - 2021|
|OKM-julkaisutyyppi||A3 Kirjan tai muun kokoomateoksen osa|
|Nimi||Studies in Contemporary Russia|