Planning in the We-mode

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In philosophical action theory there is a wide agreement that intentions, often understood in terms of plans, play a major role in the deliberation of rational agents. Planning accounts of rational agency challenge game- and decision-theoretical accounts in that they allow for rationality of actions that do not necessarily maximize expected utility but instead aim at satisfying long-term goals. Another challenge for game-theoretical understanding of rational agency has recently been put forth by the theory of team reasoning in which the agents select their actions by doing their parts in the collective action that is best for the group. Both planning and team reasoning can be seen as instances of a similar type of reasoning in which actions are selected on the basis of an evaluation of a larger unit than an individual’s momentary act. In recent theories of collective agency, both planning and team reasoning have been defended against orthodox game theory, but, interestingly, by different authors: Raimo Tuomela has defended team reasoning in his theory of group agency, but he ignores temporally extended planning in this context. Michael Bratman has extended his theory of planning to the case of shared agency, but he does not seem to see a role for team reasoning in understanding shared intentional activities. In this paper, we argue that both accounts suffer from this one-sidedness. We aim to combine the main insights of Tuomela’s we-mode approach and Bratman’s planning approach into a fruitful synthesis that we think is necessary for understanding the nature of group agency.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
OtsikkoSocial Ontology and Collective Intentionality : Critical Essays on the Philosophy of Raimo Tuomela with His Responses
ToimittajatGerhard Preyer, Georg Peter
Sivumäärä24
JulkaisupaikkaCham
KustantajaSpringer International Publishing
Julkaisupäivä2017
Sivut117-140
Artikkeli no9
ISBN (painettu)978-3-319-33235-2
ISBN (elektroninen)978-3-319-33236-9
TilaJulkaistu - 2017
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA3 Kirjan tai muun kokoomateoksen osa

Julkaisusarja

NimiStudies in the Philosophy of Sociality
KustantajaSpringer
Vuosikerta8

Tieteenalat

  • 611 Filosofia

Lainaa tätä

Hakli, R. A., & Mäkelä, P. A. (2017). Planning in the We-mode. teoksessa G. Preyer, & G. Peter (Toimittajat), Social Ontology and Collective Intentionality : Critical Essays on the Philosophy of Raimo Tuomela with His Responses (Sivut 117-140). [9] (Studies in the Philosophy of Sociality; Vuosikerta 8). Cham: Springer International Publishing .
Hakli, Raul Aleksi ; Mäkelä, Pekka Antero. / Planning in the We-mode. Social Ontology and Collective Intentionality : Critical Essays on the Philosophy of Raimo Tuomela with His Responses. Toimittaja / Gerhard Preyer ; Georg Peter. Cham : Springer International Publishing , 2017. Sivut 117-140 (Studies in the Philosophy of Sociality).
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title = "Planning in the We-mode",
abstract = "In philosophical action theory there is a wide agreement that intentions, often understood in terms of plans, play a major role in the deliberation of rational agents. Planning accounts of rational agency challenge game- and decision-theoretical accounts in that they allow for rationality of actions that do not necessarily maximize expected utility but instead aim at satisfying long-term goals. Another challenge for game-theoretical understanding of rational agency has recently been put forth by the theory of team reasoning in which the agents select their actions by doing their parts in the collective action that is best for the group. Both planning and team reasoning can be seen as instances of a similar type of reasoning in which actions are selected on the basis of an evaluation of a larger unit than an individual’s momentary act. In recent theories of collective agency, both planning and team reasoning have been defended against orthodox game theory, but, interestingly, by different authors: Raimo Tuomela has defended team reasoning in his theory of group agency, but he ignores temporally extended planning in this context. Michael Bratman has extended his theory of planning to the case of shared agency, but he does not seem to see a role for team reasoning in understanding shared intentional activities. In this paper, we argue that both accounts suffer from this one-sidedness. We aim to combine the main insights of Tuomela’s we-mode approach and Bratman’s planning approach into a fruitful synthesis that we think is necessary for understanding the nature of group agency.",
keywords = "611 Philosophy",
author = "Hakli, {Raul Aleksi} and M{\"a}kel{\"a}, {Pekka Antero}",
year = "2017",
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isbn = "978-3-319-33235-2",
series = "Studies in the Philosophy of Sociality",
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Hakli, RA & Mäkelä, PA 2017, Planning in the We-mode. julkaisussa G Preyer & G Peter (toim), Social Ontology and Collective Intentionality : Critical Essays on the Philosophy of Raimo Tuomela with His Responses., 9, Studies in the Philosophy of Sociality, Vuosikerta 8, Springer International Publishing , Cham, Sivut 117-140.

Planning in the We-mode. / Hakli, Raul Aleksi; Mäkelä, Pekka Antero.

Social Ontology and Collective Intentionality : Critical Essays on the Philosophy of Raimo Tuomela with His Responses. toim. / Gerhard Preyer; Georg Peter. Cham : Springer International Publishing , 2017. s. 117-140 9 (Studies in the Philosophy of Sociality; Vuosikerta 8).

Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/raportissa/konferenssijulkaisussaKirjan luku tai artikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - CHAP

T1 - Planning in the We-mode

AU - Hakli, Raul Aleksi

AU - Mäkelä, Pekka Antero

PY - 2017

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N2 - In philosophical action theory there is a wide agreement that intentions, often understood in terms of plans, play a major role in the deliberation of rational agents. Planning accounts of rational agency challenge game- and decision-theoretical accounts in that they allow for rationality of actions that do not necessarily maximize expected utility but instead aim at satisfying long-term goals. Another challenge for game-theoretical understanding of rational agency has recently been put forth by the theory of team reasoning in which the agents select their actions by doing their parts in the collective action that is best for the group. Both planning and team reasoning can be seen as instances of a similar type of reasoning in which actions are selected on the basis of an evaluation of a larger unit than an individual’s momentary act. In recent theories of collective agency, both planning and team reasoning have been defended against orthodox game theory, but, interestingly, by different authors: Raimo Tuomela has defended team reasoning in his theory of group agency, but he ignores temporally extended planning in this context. Michael Bratman has extended his theory of planning to the case of shared agency, but he does not seem to see a role for team reasoning in understanding shared intentional activities. In this paper, we argue that both accounts suffer from this one-sidedness. We aim to combine the main insights of Tuomela’s we-mode approach and Bratman’s planning approach into a fruitful synthesis that we think is necessary for understanding the nature of group agency.

AB - In philosophical action theory there is a wide agreement that intentions, often understood in terms of plans, play a major role in the deliberation of rational agents. Planning accounts of rational agency challenge game- and decision-theoretical accounts in that they allow for rationality of actions that do not necessarily maximize expected utility but instead aim at satisfying long-term goals. Another challenge for game-theoretical understanding of rational agency has recently been put forth by the theory of team reasoning in which the agents select their actions by doing their parts in the collective action that is best for the group. Both planning and team reasoning can be seen as instances of a similar type of reasoning in which actions are selected on the basis of an evaluation of a larger unit than an individual’s momentary act. In recent theories of collective agency, both planning and team reasoning have been defended against orthodox game theory, but, interestingly, by different authors: Raimo Tuomela has defended team reasoning in his theory of group agency, but he ignores temporally extended planning in this context. Michael Bratman has extended his theory of planning to the case of shared agency, but he does not seem to see a role for team reasoning in understanding shared intentional activities. In this paper, we argue that both accounts suffer from this one-sidedness. We aim to combine the main insights of Tuomela’s we-mode approach and Bratman’s planning approach into a fruitful synthesis that we think is necessary for understanding the nature of group agency.

KW - 611 Philosophy

UR - http://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783319332352#aboutBook

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-3-319-33235-2

T3 - Studies in the Philosophy of Sociality

SP - 117

EP - 140

BT - Social Ontology and Collective Intentionality

A2 - Preyer, Gerhard

A2 - Peter, Georg

PB - Springer International Publishing

CY - Cham

ER -

Hakli RA, Mäkelä PA. Planning in the We-mode. julkaisussa Preyer G, Peter G, toimittajat, Social Ontology and Collective Intentionality : Critical Essays on the Philosophy of Raimo Tuomela with His Responses. Cham: Springer International Publishing . 2017. s. 117-140. 9. (Studies in the Philosophy of Sociality).