Posaconazole-ibrutinib interaction cannot be avoided by staggered dosing: How to optimize ibrutinib dose during posaconazole treatment

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

Aims: Ibrutinib is used in the treatment of certain B-cell malignancies. Due to its CYP3A4-mediated metabolism and highly variable pharmacokinetics, it is prone to potentially harmful drug-drug interactions.Methods: In a randomized, placebo-controlled, three-phase crossover study, we examined the effect of the CYP3A4-inhibiting antifungal posaconazole on ibrutinib pharmacokinetics. Eleven healthy participants ingested repeated doses of 300 mg of posaconazole either in the morning or in the evening, or placebo. A single dose of ibrutinib (30, 70 or 140 mg, respectively) was administered at 9 AM, 1 or 12 h after the preceding posaconazole/placebo dose.Results: On average, morning posaconazole increased the dose-adjusted geometric mean area under the plasma concentration-time curve from zero to infinity (AUC(0-infinity)) and peak plasma concentration (C-max) of ibrutinib 9.5-fold (90% confidence interval [CI] 6.3-14.3, P < 0.001) and 8.5-fold (90% CI 5.7-12.8, P < 0.001), respectively, while evening posaconazole increased those 10.3-fold (90% CI 6.7-16.0, P < 0.001) and 8.2-fold (90% CI 5.2-13.2, P < 0.001), respectively. Posaconazole had no significant effect on the half-life of ibrutinib, but substantially reduced the metabolite PCI-45227 to ibrutinib AUC(0-infinity) ratio. There were no significant differences in ibrutinib pharmacokinetics between morning and evening posaconazole phases.Conclusions: Posaconazole increases ibrutinib exposure substantially, by about 10-fold. This interaction cannot be avoided by dosing the drugs 12 h apart. In general, a 70-mg daily dose of ibrutinib should not be exceeded during posaconazole treatment to avoid potentially toxic systemic ibrutinib concentrations.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Sivumäärä11
ISSN0306-5251
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - marrask. 2023
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Lisätietoja

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Pharmacological Society.

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