Abstrakti

Abstract: Faba bean protein has good functionalities, but it is little used in the food industry. This study
identified a challenge from unfavourable starch gelation when utilizing faba bean for producing
protein-based emulsion gel foods, and developed processing methods to overcome that. Two types
of protein-based emulsion gel foods, namely yogurt and tofu analogue products, were prepared.
The processing methods in this study involved steps of thermal pre-treatment of the beans, dehulling,
milling, adding plant oil, homogenization, prevention of starch gelation, and inducing protein gelation.
Two methods for preventing starch gelation were studied, namely starch removal and hydrolysis.
The gel texture, water-holding capacity, and structural properties of the gel products were evaluated.
Both starch-gelation prevention methods produced yogurt and tofu analogue products having typical
emulsion gel properties. Hydrolysis of starch was favourable for producing the yogurt analogue,
because the hydrolysate compounds improved the gel strength and viscosity. Moreover, it utilized the
whole flour, meaning all the nutrients from the cotyledon were used and no side-stream was created.
In contrast, starch removal was slightly better than hydrolysis for producing the tofu analogue,
because the hydrolysate lowered the gel strength and water-holding capacity of the products. It is
both possible and ecologically sustainable to utilize whole faba bean flour for making emulsion
gel products.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
Artikkeli755
LehtiFoods
Vuosikerta9
Numero6
Sivumäärä15
ISSN2304-8158
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 7 kesäkuuta 2020
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 416 Elintarviketieteet
  • faba bean; protein emulsion gel; starch hydrolysate; gel properties; microstructure; protein resolubilisation; tofu analogue; yogurt analogue

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