Proangiogenic Hypoxia-Mimicking Agents Attenuate Osteogenic Potential of Adipose Stem/Stromal Cells

Ahmed Abu-Shahba, Arjen Gebraad, Sippy Kaur, Riku O. Paananen, Hilkka Peltoniemi, Riitta Seppänen-Kaijansinkko, Bettina Mannerström

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

BACKGROUND:
Insufficient vascularization hampers bone tissue engineering strategies for reconstructing large bone defects. Delivery of prolyl-hydroxylase inhibitors (PHIs) is an interesting approach to upregulate vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by mimicking hypoxic stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1α). This study assessed two PHIs: dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG) and baicalein for their effects on human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (AT-MSCs).

METHODS:
Isolated AT-MSCs were characterized and treated with PHIs to assess the cellular proliferation response. Immunostaining and western-blots served to verify the HIF-1α stabilization response. The optimized concentrations for long-term treatment were tested for their effects on the cell cycle, apoptosis, cytokine secretion, and osteogenic differentiation of AT-MSCs. Gene expression levels were evaluated for alkaline phosphatase (ALPL), bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2), runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1), and collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1). In addition, stemness-related genes Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), Nanog homeobox (NANOG), and octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4) were assessed.

RESULTS:
PHIs stabilized HIF-1α in a dose-dependent manner and showed evident dose- and time dependent antiproliferative effects. With doses maintaining proliferation, DMOG and baicalein diminished the effect of osteogenic induction on the expression of RUNX2, ALPL, and COL1A1, and suppressed the formation of mineralized matrix. Suppressed osteogenic response of AT-MSCs was accompanied by an upregulation of stemness-related genes.

CONCLUSION:
PHIs significantly reduced the osteogenic differentiation of AT-MSCs and rather upregulated stemness-related genes. PHIs proangiogenic potential should be weighed against their longterm direct inhibitory effects on the osteogenic differentiation of AT-MSCs.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiTissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Vuosikerta17
Numero4
Sivut477-493
Sivumäärä17
ISSN1738-2696
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - elokuuta 2020
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 1182 Biokemia, solu- ja molekyylibiologia

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