Say Hello to Algol's New Companion Candidates

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu


Constant orbital period ephemerides of eclipsing binaries give the computed eclipse epochs (C). These ephemerides based on the old data cannot accurately predict the observed future eclipse epochs (O). Predictability can be improved by removing linear or quadratic trends from the O − C data. Additional companions in an eclipsing binary system cause light-time travel effects that are observed as strictly periodic O − C changes. Recently, Hajdu et al. estimated that the probability of detecting the periods of two new companions from the O − C data is only 0.00005. We apply the new discrete chi-square method to 236 yr of O − C data of the eclipsing binary Algol (β Persei). We detect the tentative signals of at least five companion candidates having periods between 1.863 and 219.0 yr. The weakest one of these five signals does not reveal a “new” companion candidate, because its 680.4 ± 0.4 day signal period differs only 1.4σ from the well-known 679.85 ± 0.04 day orbital period of Algol C. We detect these same signals also from the first 226.2 yr of data, and they give an excellent prediction for the last 9.2 yr of our data. The orbital planes of Algol C and the new companion candidates are probably coplanar because no changes have been observed in Algol’s eclipses. The 2.867 day orbital period has been constant since it was determined by Goodricke.
LehtiThe Astrophysical journal
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - lokak. 2021
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu


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