The concepts of resource frontier and commodity frontier are often treated interchangeably. This article suggests the benefits of clarifying these concepts because frontiers remain important analytics for understanding drastic land-use changes and other socio-environmental transformations. Based on long-term field research in different parts of South and Central America, we use frontier concepts as heuristic devices to analyze heterogeneous frontier situations and make broader generalizations. Our synchronic and diachronic analyses of frontier dynamics elucidate different frontier modalities and shifting frontier expansions. The concept of commoditizing resource frontier is introduced to explain recent frontier-makings in the Brazilian Amazonia and Cerrado and in the Nicaraguan Rio San Juan. Although earlier frontier research took a short-sighted time perspective and created conceptualizations based on a single modality of a particular period, our longitudinal analysis shows that drastic changes and complex overlappings are the hallmarks of frontier dynamics.
- 5203 Kehitysmaatutkimus
Political economies of deforestation: The impact of regionally dominant resource sectors in the forest politics of Brazil, Peru and Finland
01/09/2018 → 31/08/2023
01/06/2018 → 30/05/2020