Shotgun metagenomic analysis of the oral microbiome in gingivitis: a nested case-control study

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

Background: Gingivitis, i.e. inflammation of the gums, is often induced by dental plaque. However, its exact link to the oral microbiota remains unclear.
Methods: In a case-control study involving 120 participants, comprising 60 cases and 60 controls (mean age (SD) 36.6 (7.6) years; 50% males), nested within a prospective multicentre cohort study, we examined the oral microbiome composition of gingivitis patients and their controls using shotgun metagenomic sequencing of saliva samples. Participants underwent clinical and radiographic oral health examinations, including bleeding on probing (BOP), at six tooth sites. BOP ≥33% was considered ‘generalized gingivitis/initial periodontitis’(GG/IP), and BOP<33% as ‘healthy and localized gingivitis’(H/LG).
Results: GG/IP exhibited an increase in the abundance of Actinomyces, Porphyromonas, Aggregatibacter, Corynebacterium, Olsenella, and Treponema, whereas H/LG exhibited an increased abundance of Candidatus Nanosynbacter. Nineteen bacterial species and four microbial functional profiles, including L-methionine, glycogen, and inosine-5’-phosphate biosynthesis, were associated with GG/IP. Constructing models with multiple markers resulted in a strong predictive value for GG/IP, with an area under the curve (ROC) of 0.907 (95%CI: 0.848-0.966).
Conclusion: We observed distinct differences in the oral microbiome between the GG/IP and H/LG groups, indicating similar yet unique microbial profiles and emphasizing their potential role in progression of periodontal diseases.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiJournal of Oral Microbiology
Vuosikerta16
Numero1
ISSN2000-2297
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 22 maalisk. 2024
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 313 Hammaslääketieteet
  • 11832 Mikrobiologia ja virologia

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