Sleep and psychiatric symptoms in young child psychiatric outpatients

Hanna Huhdanpää, Liisa Klenberg, Hannu Westerinen, Tuija Fontell, Eeva T. Aronen

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu


Background: Sleep may underlie psychiatric symptoms in young children. However, not many studies have reported on sleep and its associations with symptoms in young child psychiatric patients.

Objectives: To assess the amount and quality of sleep and how sleep associates with psychiatric symptoms in young child psychiatric patients. Furthermore, we evaluated how sleep and daytime somnolence differed in patients and their age- and gender-matched controls.

Method: The sample consisted of 139 3- to 7-year-old child psychiatric outpatients and 139 age- and gender-matched controls from community. We evaluated sleep and daytime somnolence with the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children in all children and psychiatric symptoms with Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) in the patient group. Family background information was collected from the patients.

Results: Of the patients, 31.6% had a significant sleep problem and 14.4% slept too little. The most typical sleep problems were restless sleep (31.7%), morning tiredness (21.6%) and difficulties getting to sleep at night (18.7%). All types of sleep problems were associated with CBCL total, internalising and externalising problems (all p-values

Conclusion: Sleep problems and too little sleep are prevalent in young child psychiatric patients, and they relate strongly to the intensity of psychiatric symptoms. Identification and treatment of sleep problems should be a routine part of the treatment plan for young child psychiatric patients. The results emphasise the need for assessing sleep in young child psychiatric patients, as treating the sleep problem may reduce psychiatric symptoms.

LehtiClinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - tammik. 2018
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu


  • 515 Psykologia

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