Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) is a complex inflammatory ocular disease. Statins are widely used cholesterol-lowering drugs with putative anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we have explored their efficacy in controlling post-surgical PVR formation. Simvastatin (SIM), atorvastatin (ATV), or rosuvastatin (RSV) were added to cultures of human retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE-19) prior to exposure with the bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1) was examined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In addition, the concentrations of simvastatin, atorvastatin, rosuvastatin, and their metabolites were measured from the vitreal samples of 20 patients undergoing vitrectomy (16 of them receiving oral statin therapy) using an ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometer technique. All statins alleviated LPS-induced inflammation at 5 µM concentration in the ARPE-19 cell cultures. Statin levels in the vitreous samples ranged from 6 to 316 pg/mL (ca. 0.1–7 M−10). Vitreal statin concentrations were similar to the typical steady-state unbound statin concentrations in plasma, indicating that only the unbound drug distributes from the blood circulation into the vitreous. Pharmacokinetic simulations of the intravitreal delivery of statins indicate that the measured clinical statin concentrations could be maintained with existing drug delivery technologies for months. Our results suggest that intravitreal statin therapy may have the potential in alleviating the risk of post-surgical PVR.
- 3125 Korva-, nenä- ja kurkkutaudit, silmätaudit