Status epilepticus in POLG disease: a large multinational study

Omar Hikmat, Karin Naess, Martin Engvall, Claus Klingenberg, Magnhild Rasmussen, Eylert Brodtkorb, Elsebet Ostergaard, Irenaeus de Coo, Leticia Pias-Peleteiro, Pirjo Isohanni, Johanna Uusimaa, Kari Majamaa, Mikko Kärppä, Juan Dario Ortigoza-Escobar, Trine Tangeraas, Siren Berland, Emma Harrison, Heather Biggs, Rita Horvath, Niklas DarinShamima Rahman, Laurence A. Bindoff

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

We aimed to provide a detailed phenotypic description of status epilepticus (SE) in a large cohort of patients with POLG disease and identify prognostic biomarkers to improve the management of this life-threatening condition. In a multinational, retrospective study with data on patients with POLG disease from seven European countries, we identified those who had SE. The age of SE onset, accompanying clinical, laboratory, imaging and genetic findings were analysed. One hundred and ninety-five patients with genetically confirmed POLG disease were recruited, of whom 67% (130/194) had epilepsy. SE was identified in 77% (97/126), with a median age of SE onset of 7 years. SE was the presenting symptom of the disease in 43% (40/93) of those with SE, while 57% (53/93) developed SE during the disease course. Convulsive SE was reported in 97% (91/94) followed by epilepsia partialis continua in 67% (56/84). Liver impairment 78% (74/95), ataxia 69% (60/87), stroke-like episodes 57% (50/88), were the major comorbidities. In the majority (66%; 57/86) with SE this became refractory or super-refractory. The presence of seizures was associated with significantly higher mortality compared to those without (P ≤ 0.001). The median time from SE debut to death was 5 months. SE is a major clinical feature of POLG disease in early and juvenile to adult-onset disease and can be the presenting feature or arise as part of a multisystem disease. It is associated with high morbidity and mortality, with the majority of patients with SE going on to develop refractory or super-refractory SE.

Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiJournal of Neurology
Sivumäärä9
ISSN0340-5354
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 2024
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Lisätietoja

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.

Tieteenalat

  • 3124 Neurologia ja psykiatria

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