Studies on stigma regarding hearing impairment and hearing aid use among adults of working age: a scoping review

Johanna Elisabeth Ruusuvuori, Tarja Aaltonen, Inka Koskela, Juha Ranta, Eila Lonka, Inkeri Salmenlinna, Minna Laakso

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuKatsausartikkelivertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

Purpose: Research on stigma has been criticized for centering on the perceptions of individuals and their effect on social interactions rather than studying stigma as a dynamic and relational phenomenon as originally defined by Goffman. This review investigates whether and how stigma has been evaluated as a social process in the context of hearing impairment and hearing aid use. Materials and methods: Systematic literature searches were conducted within four major databases for peer-reviewed journal articles on hearing impairment and hearing aid rehabilitation. In these, 18 studies with stigma, shame or mental wellbeing as the primary research interest were identified. The reports were examined for their methodology, focus and results. Results: The reviewed studies used both quantitative and qualitative methodologies, questionnaires and interviews being the most common methods. All studies concentrated on the participants' experiences or views concerning stigma. Studies examining the social process of stigmatization were lacking. Most studies pointed out the negative effect of stigma on the use of hearing aids. Conclusions: In order to understand the process of stigmatization, more studies using observational methods are needed. Moreover, additional research should also focus on how stigma as a social and relational phenomenon can be alleviated.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiDisability and Rehabilitation
Vuosikerta43
Numero3
Sivut436-446
Sivumäärä11
ISSN0963-8288
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 30 tammikuuta 2021
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA2 Katsausartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

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