Subjective vs informant-reported cognitive complaints have differential clinical significance in covert cerebral small vessel disease

Anne Arola, Hanna M. Laakso, Heidi Heinonen, Johanna Pitkänen, Matti Ahlström, Juha E Lempiäinen, Teemu Paajanen, Jussi Virkkala , Juha Koikkalainen, Jyrki Lötjönen, Antti Korvenoja, Susanna Melkas, Hanna Jokinen

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Abstrakti

Objective
Subjective cognitive complaints are common in patients with cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD), yet their relationship with informant evaluations, objective cognitive functions and severity of brain changes are poorly understood. We studied the associations of subjective and informant reports with findings from comprehensive neuropsychological assessment and brain MRI.
Method
In the Helsinki SVD Study, 152 older adults with varying degrees of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) but without stroke or dementia were classified as having normal cognition or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) based on neuropsychological criteria. The measures also included continuous domain scores for memory and executive functions. Cognitive complaints were evaluated with the subjective and informant versions of the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ) and Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX); functional abilities with the Amsterdam Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Questionnaire (A-IADL); and depressive symptoms with the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15).
Results
Subjective cognitive complaints correlated significantly with informant reports (r=0.40–0.50, pConclusions
Neither subjective nor informant-reported cognitive complaints associated with objective cognitive performance. Informant-evaluations were related to functional impairment and more severe WMH, whereas subjective complaints only associated with mild depressive symptoms. These findings suggest that awareness of cognitive impairment may be limited in early-stage cSVD and highlight the value of informant assessments in the identification of patients with functional impairment.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
Artikkeli100182
Lehti Cerebral circulation, cognition and behavior
Vuosikerta5
Sivumäärä7
ISSN2666-2450
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 16 syysk. 2023
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 515 Psykologia
  • 3124 Neurologia ja psykiatria

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