Sung melody enhances verbal learning and recall after stroke

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

Coupling novel verbal material with a musical melody can potentially aid in its learning and recall in healthy subjects, but this has never been systematically studied in stroke patients with cognitive deficits. In a counterbalanced design, we presented novel verbal material (short narrative stories) in both spoken and sung formats to stroke patients at the acute poststroke stage and 6 months poststroke. The task comprised three learning trials and a delayed recall trial. Memory performance on the spoken and sung tasks did not differ at the acute stage, whereas sung stories were learned and recalled significantly better compared with spoken stories at the 6 months poststroke stage. Interestingly, this pattern of results was evident especially in patients with mild aphasia, in whom the learning of sung versus spoken stories improved more from the acute to the 6-month stages compared with nonaphasic patients. Overall, these findings suggest that singing could be used as a mnemonic aid in the learning of novel verbal material in later stages of recovery after stroke.

Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Vuosikerta1423
Numero1
Sivut296-307
Sivumäärä12
ISSN0077-8923
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - heinäkuuta 2018
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 515 Psykologia
  • 516 Kasvatustieteet

Lainaa tätä

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title = "Sung melody enhances verbal learning and recall after stroke",
abstract = "Coupling novel verbal material with a musical melody can potentially aid in its learning and recall in healthy subjects, but this has never been systematically studied in stroke patients with cognitive deficits. In a counterbalanced design, we presented novel verbal material (short narrative stories) in both spoken and sung formats to stroke patients at the acute poststroke stage and 6 months poststroke. The task comprised three learning trials and a delayed recall trial. Memory performance on the spoken and sung tasks did not differ at the acute stage, whereas sung stories were learned and recalled significantly better compared with spoken stories at the 6 months poststroke stage. Interestingly, this pattern of results was evident especially in patients with mild aphasia, in whom the learning of sung versus spoken stories improved more from the acute to the 6-month stages compared with nonaphasic patients. Overall, these findings suggest that singing could be used as a mnemonic aid in the learning of novel verbal material in later stages of recovery after stroke.",
keywords = "song, speech, verbal learning, stroke, aphasia, LONG-TERM-MEMORY, ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE, CONGENITAL AMUSIA, LANGUAGE FUNCTION, ACQUIRED AMUSIA, ISCHEMIC-STROKE, MUSIC, TEXT, SONGS, BRAIN, 515 Psychology, 516 Educational sciences",
author = "Vera Leo and Sihvonen, {Aleksi J.} and Tanja Linnavalli and Mari Tervaniemi and Matti Laine and Seppo Soinila and Teppo S{\"a}rk{\"a}m{\"o}",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1111/nyas.13624",
language = "English",
volume = "1423",
pages = "296--307",
journal = "Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences",
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publisher = "Wiley",
number = "1",

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Sung melody enhances verbal learning and recall after stroke. / Leo, Vera; Sihvonen, Aleksi J.; Linnavalli, Tanja; Tervaniemi, Mari; Laine, Matti; Soinila, Seppo; Särkämö, Teppo.

julkaisussa: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vuosikerta 1423, Nro 1, 07.2018, s. 296-307.

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sung melody enhances verbal learning and recall after stroke

AU - Leo, Vera

AU - Sihvonen, Aleksi J.

AU - Linnavalli, Tanja

AU - Tervaniemi, Mari

AU - Laine, Matti

AU - Soinila, Seppo

AU - Särkämö, Teppo

PY - 2018/7

Y1 - 2018/7

N2 - Coupling novel verbal material with a musical melody can potentially aid in its learning and recall in healthy subjects, but this has never been systematically studied in stroke patients with cognitive deficits. In a counterbalanced design, we presented novel verbal material (short narrative stories) in both spoken and sung formats to stroke patients at the acute poststroke stage and 6 months poststroke. The task comprised three learning trials and a delayed recall trial. Memory performance on the spoken and sung tasks did not differ at the acute stage, whereas sung stories were learned and recalled significantly better compared with spoken stories at the 6 months poststroke stage. Interestingly, this pattern of results was evident especially in patients with mild aphasia, in whom the learning of sung versus spoken stories improved more from the acute to the 6-month stages compared with nonaphasic patients. Overall, these findings suggest that singing could be used as a mnemonic aid in the learning of novel verbal material in later stages of recovery after stroke.

AB - Coupling novel verbal material with a musical melody can potentially aid in its learning and recall in healthy subjects, but this has never been systematically studied in stroke patients with cognitive deficits. In a counterbalanced design, we presented novel verbal material (short narrative stories) in both spoken and sung formats to stroke patients at the acute poststroke stage and 6 months poststroke. The task comprised three learning trials and a delayed recall trial. Memory performance on the spoken and sung tasks did not differ at the acute stage, whereas sung stories were learned and recalled significantly better compared with spoken stories at the 6 months poststroke stage. Interestingly, this pattern of results was evident especially in patients with mild aphasia, in whom the learning of sung versus spoken stories improved more from the acute to the 6-month stages compared with nonaphasic patients. Overall, these findings suggest that singing could be used as a mnemonic aid in the learning of novel verbal material in later stages of recovery after stroke.

KW - song

KW - speech

KW - verbal learning

KW - stroke

KW - aphasia

KW - LONG-TERM-MEMORY

KW - ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE

KW - CONGENITAL AMUSIA

KW - LANGUAGE FUNCTION

KW - ACQUIRED AMUSIA

KW - ISCHEMIC-STROKE

KW - MUSIC

KW - TEXT

KW - SONGS

KW - BRAIN

KW - 515 Psychology

KW - 516 Educational sciences

U2 - 10.1111/nyas.13624

DO - 10.1111/nyas.13624

M3 - Article

VL - 1423

SP - 296

EP - 307

JO - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

JF - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

SN - 0077-8923

IS - 1

ER -