Temporal Discounting in Technical Debt: How do Software Practitioners Discount the Future?

Christoph Becker, Fabian Fagerholm, Rahul Mohanani, Alexander Chatzigeorgiou

Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/raportissa/konferenssijulkaisussaKonferenssiartikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

Technical Debt management decisions always imply a trade-off among outcomes at different points in time. In such intertemporal choices, distant outcomes are often valued lower than close ones, a phenomenon known as temporal discounting. Technical Debt research largely develops prescriptive approaches for how software engineers should make such decisions. Few have studied how they actually make them. This leaves open central questions about how software practitioners make decisions. This paper investigates how software practitioners discount uncertain future outcomes and whether they exhibit temporal discounting. We adopt experimental methods from intertemporal choice, an active area of research. We administered an online questionnaire to 33 developers from two companies in which we presented choices between developing a feature and making a longer-term investment in architecture. The results show wide-spread temporal discounting with notable differences in individual behavior. The results are consistent with similar studies in consumer behavior and raise a number of questions about the causal factors that influence temporal discounting in software engineering. As the first empirical study on intertemporal choice in SE, the paper establishes an empirical basis for understanding how software developers approach intertemporal choice and provides a blueprint for future studies.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
OtsikkoProceedings of 2019 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Technical Debt (TechDebt)
Julkaisupäivä2019
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA4 Artikkeli konferenssijulkaisuussa

Lainaa tätä

Becker, C., Fagerholm, F., Mohanani, R., & Chatzigeorgiou, A. (2019). Temporal Discounting in Technical Debt: How do Software Practitioners Discount the Future? teoksessa Proceedings of 2019 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Technical Debt (TechDebt) https://doi.org/10.1109/TechDebt.2019.00011
Becker, Christoph ; Fagerholm, Fabian ; Mohanani, Rahul ; Chatzigeorgiou, Alexander. / Temporal Discounting in Technical Debt: How do Software Practitioners Discount the Future?. Proceedings of 2019 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Technical Debt (TechDebt). 2019.
@inproceedings{68ddcd2927a049bcae139a911f9b554b,
title = "Temporal Discounting in Technical Debt: How do Software Practitioners Discount the Future?",
abstract = "Technical Debt management decisions always imply a trade-off among outcomes at different points in time. In such intertemporal choices, distant outcomes are often valued lower than close ones, a phenomenon known as temporal discounting. Technical Debt research largely develops prescriptive approaches for how software engineers should make such decisions. Few have studied how they actually make them. This leaves open central questions about how software practitioners make decisions. This paper investigates how software practitioners discount uncertain future outcomes and whether they exhibit temporal discounting. We adopt experimental methods from intertemporal choice, an active area of research. We administered an online questionnaire to 33 developers from two companies in which we presented choices between developing a feature and making a longer-term investment in architecture. The results show wide-spread temporal discounting with notable differences in individual behavior. The results are consistent with similar studies in consumer behavior and raise a number of questions about the causal factors that influence temporal discounting in software engineering. As the first empirical study on intertemporal choice in SE, the paper establishes an empirical basis for understanding how software developers approach intertemporal choice and provides a blueprint for future studies.",
author = "Christoph Becker and Fabian Fagerholm and Rahul Mohanani and Alexander Chatzigeorgiou",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1109/TechDebt.2019.00011",
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booktitle = "Proceedings of 2019 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Technical Debt (TechDebt)",

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Becker, C, Fagerholm, F, Mohanani, R & Chatzigeorgiou, A 2019, Temporal Discounting in Technical Debt: How do Software Practitioners Discount the Future? julkaisussa Proceedings of 2019 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Technical Debt (TechDebt). https://doi.org/10.1109/TechDebt.2019.00011

Temporal Discounting in Technical Debt: How do Software Practitioners Discount the Future? / Becker, Christoph; Fagerholm, Fabian; Mohanani, Rahul; Chatzigeorgiou, Alexander.

Proceedings of 2019 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Technical Debt (TechDebt). 2019.

Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/raportissa/konferenssijulkaisussaKonferenssiartikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - GEN

T1 - Temporal Discounting in Technical Debt: How do Software Practitioners Discount the Future?

AU - Becker, Christoph

AU - Fagerholm, Fabian

AU - Mohanani, Rahul

AU - Chatzigeorgiou, Alexander

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Technical Debt management decisions always imply a trade-off among outcomes at different points in time. In such intertemporal choices, distant outcomes are often valued lower than close ones, a phenomenon known as temporal discounting. Technical Debt research largely develops prescriptive approaches for how software engineers should make such decisions. Few have studied how they actually make them. This leaves open central questions about how software practitioners make decisions. This paper investigates how software practitioners discount uncertain future outcomes and whether they exhibit temporal discounting. We adopt experimental methods from intertemporal choice, an active area of research. We administered an online questionnaire to 33 developers from two companies in which we presented choices between developing a feature and making a longer-term investment in architecture. The results show wide-spread temporal discounting with notable differences in individual behavior. The results are consistent with similar studies in consumer behavior and raise a number of questions about the causal factors that influence temporal discounting in software engineering. As the first empirical study on intertemporal choice in SE, the paper establishes an empirical basis for understanding how software developers approach intertemporal choice and provides a blueprint for future studies.

AB - Technical Debt management decisions always imply a trade-off among outcomes at different points in time. In such intertemporal choices, distant outcomes are often valued lower than close ones, a phenomenon known as temporal discounting. Technical Debt research largely develops prescriptive approaches for how software engineers should make such decisions. Few have studied how they actually make them. This leaves open central questions about how software practitioners make decisions. This paper investigates how software practitioners discount uncertain future outcomes and whether they exhibit temporal discounting. We adopt experimental methods from intertemporal choice, an active area of research. We administered an online questionnaire to 33 developers from two companies in which we presented choices between developing a feature and making a longer-term investment in architecture. The results show wide-spread temporal discounting with notable differences in individual behavior. The results are consistent with similar studies in consumer behavior and raise a number of questions about the causal factors that influence temporal discounting in software engineering. As the first empirical study on intertemporal choice in SE, the paper establishes an empirical basis for understanding how software developers approach intertemporal choice and provides a blueprint for future studies.

U2 - 10.1109/TechDebt.2019.00011

DO - 10.1109/TechDebt.2019.00011

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - Proceedings of 2019 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Technical Debt (TechDebt)

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Becker C, Fagerholm F, Mohanani R, Chatzigeorgiou A. Temporal Discounting in Technical Debt: How do Software Practitioners Discount the Future? julkaisussa Proceedings of 2019 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Technical Debt (TechDebt). 2019 https://doi.org/10.1109/TechDebt.2019.00011