The colour of maize: Visions of green growth and farmers perceptions in northern Laos

Maarit Helena Kallio, Nicholas John Hogarth, Moira Moeliono, Maria Brockhaus, Robert Cole, Indah Waty Bong, Grace Yee Wong

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

The rapid expansion of hybrid maize in the uplands of northern Laos is viewed by the government as meeting policy aims related to green economic development. Yet, growing evidence of negative consequences of maize expansion are emerging. Based on farmers' perceptions, we study: (1) farmers' reasons for adopting and abandoning maize, and; (2) implications of commercial maize expansion on local livelihood security and inclusiveness (food supply, income, risk coping, and ability to join maize growing), and environmental sustainability (productivity, and soil and forest quality) over time (2013 and 2016). Results show that maize has advantages in terms of labour allocation, and it provides much-needed cash income. Yet, swidden is the main food provider and an essential safety net for unforeseen risks (including maize crop failures or price fluctuations). The way that maize was produced did not meet the criteria of green economic development due to its negative effects on the environment (soil and forest degradation) and socioeconomic sustainability (household differentiation, increased economic risks, debts, and food insecurity). By providing a local perspective, this study encourages a critical reflection of the underlying assumptions and conceptualization of the green economy approach in Laos, and argues for policies and measures that consider a more holistic perspective of human wellbeing and the environment.

Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiLand Use Policy
Vuosikerta80
Sivut185-194
Sivumäärä10
ISSN0264-8377
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - tammikuuta 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 1172 Ympäristötiede

Lainaa tätä

Kallio, Maarit Helena ; Hogarth, Nicholas John ; Moeliono, Moira ; Brockhaus, Maria ; Cole, Robert ; Bong, Indah Waty ; Wong, Grace Yee. / The colour of maize : Visions of green growth and farmers perceptions in northern Laos. Julkaisussa: Land Use Policy. 2019 ; Vuosikerta 80. Sivut 185-194.
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abstract = "The rapid expansion of hybrid maize in the uplands of northern Laos is viewed by the government as meeting policy aims related to green economic development. Yet, growing evidence of negative consequences of maize expansion are emerging. Based on farmers' perceptions, we study: (1) farmers' reasons for adopting and abandoning maize, and; (2) implications of commercial maize expansion on local livelihood security and inclusiveness (food supply, income, risk coping, and ability to join maize growing), and environmental sustainability (productivity, and soil and forest quality) over time (2013 and 2016). Results show that maize has advantages in terms of labour allocation, and it provides much-needed cash income. Yet, swidden is the main food provider and an essential safety net for unforeseen risks (including maize crop failures or price fluctuations). The way that maize was produced did not meet the criteria of green economic development due to its negative effects on the environment (soil and forest degradation) and socioeconomic sustainability (household differentiation, increased economic risks, debts, and food insecurity). By providing a local perspective, this study encourages a critical reflection of the underlying assumptions and conceptualization of the green economy approach in Laos, and argues for policies and measures that consider a more holistic perspective of human wellbeing and the environment.",
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author = "Kallio, {Maarit Helena} and Hogarth, {Nicholas John} and Moira Moeliono and Maria Brockhaus and Robert Cole and Bong, {Indah Waty} and Wong, {Grace Yee}",
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The colour of maize : Visions of green growth and farmers perceptions in northern Laos. / Kallio, Maarit Helena; Hogarth, Nicholas John; Moeliono, Moira; Brockhaus, Maria; Cole, Robert; Bong, Indah Waty; Wong, Grace Yee.

julkaisussa: Land Use Policy, Vuosikerta 80, 01.2019, s. 185-194.

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - JOUR

T1 - The colour of maize

T2 - Visions of green growth and farmers perceptions in northern Laos

AU - Kallio, Maarit Helena

AU - Hogarth, Nicholas John

AU - Moeliono, Moira

AU - Brockhaus, Maria

AU - Cole, Robert

AU - Bong, Indah Waty

AU - Wong, Grace Yee

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - The rapid expansion of hybrid maize in the uplands of northern Laos is viewed by the government as meeting policy aims related to green economic development. Yet, growing evidence of negative consequences of maize expansion are emerging. Based on farmers' perceptions, we study: (1) farmers' reasons for adopting and abandoning maize, and; (2) implications of commercial maize expansion on local livelihood security and inclusiveness (food supply, income, risk coping, and ability to join maize growing), and environmental sustainability (productivity, and soil and forest quality) over time (2013 and 2016). Results show that maize has advantages in terms of labour allocation, and it provides much-needed cash income. Yet, swidden is the main food provider and an essential safety net for unforeseen risks (including maize crop failures or price fluctuations). The way that maize was produced did not meet the criteria of green economic development due to its negative effects on the environment (soil and forest degradation) and socioeconomic sustainability (household differentiation, increased economic risks, debts, and food insecurity). By providing a local perspective, this study encourages a critical reflection of the underlying assumptions and conceptualization of the green economy approach in Laos, and argues for policies and measures that consider a more holistic perspective of human wellbeing and the environment.

AB - The rapid expansion of hybrid maize in the uplands of northern Laos is viewed by the government as meeting policy aims related to green economic development. Yet, growing evidence of negative consequences of maize expansion are emerging. Based on farmers' perceptions, we study: (1) farmers' reasons for adopting and abandoning maize, and; (2) implications of commercial maize expansion on local livelihood security and inclusiveness (food supply, income, risk coping, and ability to join maize growing), and environmental sustainability (productivity, and soil and forest quality) over time (2013 and 2016). Results show that maize has advantages in terms of labour allocation, and it provides much-needed cash income. Yet, swidden is the main food provider and an essential safety net for unforeseen risks (including maize crop failures or price fluctuations). The way that maize was produced did not meet the criteria of green economic development due to its negative effects on the environment (soil and forest degradation) and socioeconomic sustainability (household differentiation, increased economic risks, debts, and food insecurity). By providing a local perspective, this study encourages a critical reflection of the underlying assumptions and conceptualization of the green economy approach in Laos, and argues for policies and measures that consider a more holistic perspective of human wellbeing and the environment.

KW - Commercial agriculture

KW - Land-use change

KW - Environmental sustainability

KW - Livelihoods

KW - LAND-USE

KW - AGRICULTURE

KW - LIVELIHOODS

KW - EXPANSION

KW - ECONOMY

KW - COVER

KW - WILD

KW - 1172 Environmental sciences

U2 - 10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.10.006

DO - 10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.10.006

M3 - Article

VL - 80

SP - 185

EP - 194

JO - Land Use Policy

JF - Land Use Policy

SN - 0264-8377

ER -