Towards an advanced observation system for the marine Arctic in the framework of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX)

Timo Vihma, Petteri Uotila, Stein Sandven, Dmitry Pozdnyakov, Alexander Makshtas, Alexander Pelyasov, Roberta Pirazzini, Finn Danielsen, Sergey Chalov, Hanna K. Lappalainen, Vladimir Ivanov, Ivan Frolov, Anna Albin, Bin Cheng, Sergey Dobrolyubov, Viktor Arkhipkin, Stanislav Myslenkov, Tuukka Petäjä, Markku Kulmala

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

The Arctic marine climate system is changing rapidly, which is seen in the warming of the ocean and atmosphere, decline of sea ice cover, increase in river discharge, acidification of the ocean, and changes in marine ecosystems. Socio-economic activities in the coastal and marine Arctic are simultaneously changing. This calls for the establishment of a marine Arctic component of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (MA-PEEX). There is a need for more in situ observations on the marine atmosphere, sea ice, and ocean, but increasing the amount of such observations is a pronounced technological and logistical challenge. The SMEAR (Station for Measuring Ecosystem-Atmosphere Relations) concept can be applied in coastal and archipelago stations, but in the Arctic Ocean it will probably be more cost-effective to further develop a strongly distributed marine observation network based on autonomous buoys, moorings, autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). These have to be supported by research vessel and aircraft campaigns, as well as various coastal observations, including community-based ones. Major manned drift-ing stations may occasionally be comparable to terrestrial SMEAR flagship stations. To best utilize the observations, atmosphere-ocean reanalyses need to be further developed. To well integrate MA-PEEX with the existing terrestrialatmospheric PEEX, focus is needed on the river discharge and associated fluxes, coastal processes, and atmospheric transports in and out of the marine Arctic. More observations and research are also needed on the specific socioeconomic challenges and opportunities in the marine and coastal Arctic, and on their interaction with changes in the climate and environmental system. MA-PEEX will promote international collaboration; sustainable marine meteorological, sea ice, and oceanographic observations; advanced data management; and multidisciplinary research on the marine Arctic and its interaction with the Eurasian continent.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Vuosikerta19
Numero3
Sivut1941-1970
Sivumäärä30
ISSN1680-7316
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 13 helmikuuta 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 114 Fysiikka
  • 1172 Ympäristötiede

Lainaa tätä

Vihma, Timo ; Uotila, Petteri ; Sandven, Stein ; Pozdnyakov, Dmitry ; Makshtas, Alexander ; Pelyasov, Alexander ; Pirazzini, Roberta ; Danielsen, Finn ; Chalov, Sergey ; Lappalainen, Hanna K. ; Ivanov, Vladimir ; Frolov, Ivan ; Albin, Anna ; Cheng, Bin ; Dobrolyubov, Sergey ; Arkhipkin, Viktor ; Myslenkov, Stanislav ; Petäjä, Tuukka ; Kulmala, Markku. / Towards an advanced observation system for the marine Arctic in the framework of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX). Julkaisussa: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2019 ; Vuosikerta 19, Nro 3. Sivut 1941-1970.
@article{9698836a7af5497cb232e9d136ae83c8,
title = "Towards an advanced observation system for the marine Arctic in the framework of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX)",
abstract = "The Arctic marine climate system is changing rapidly, which is seen in the warming of the ocean and atmosphere, decline of sea ice cover, increase in river discharge, acidification of the ocean, and changes in marine ecosystems. Socio-economic activities in the coastal and marine Arctic are simultaneously changing. This calls for the establishment of a marine Arctic component of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (MA-PEEX). There is a need for more in situ observations on the marine atmosphere, sea ice, and ocean, but increasing the amount of such observations is a pronounced technological and logistical challenge. The SMEAR (Station for Measuring Ecosystem-Atmosphere Relations) concept can be applied in coastal and archipelago stations, but in the Arctic Ocean it will probably be more cost-effective to further develop a strongly distributed marine observation network based on autonomous buoys, moorings, autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). These have to be supported by research vessel and aircraft campaigns, as well as various coastal observations, including community-based ones. Major manned drift-ing stations may occasionally be comparable to terrestrial SMEAR flagship stations. To best utilize the observations, atmosphere-ocean reanalyses need to be further developed. To well integrate MA-PEEX with the existing terrestrialatmospheric PEEX, focus is needed on the river discharge and associated fluxes, coastal processes, and atmospheric transports in and out of the marine Arctic. More observations and research are also needed on the specific socioeconomic challenges and opportunities in the marine and coastal Arctic, and on their interaction with changes in the climate and environmental system. MA-PEEX will promote international collaboration; sustainable marine meteorological, sea ice, and oceanographic observations; advanced data management; and multidisciplinary research on the marine Arctic and its interaction with the Eurasian continent.",
keywords = "ICE MASS-BALANCE, ATMOSPHERIC BOUNDARY-LAYER, SUMMER CLOUD OCEAN, SEA-ICE, SEASONAL VARIABILITY, INTERANNUAL VARIABILITY, AIRBORNE OBSERVATIONS, MIDLATITUDE WEATHER, TURBULENT EXCHANGE, CITIZEN SCIENCE, 114 Physical sciences, 1172 Environmental sciences",
author = "Timo Vihma and Petteri Uotila and Stein Sandven and Dmitry Pozdnyakov and Alexander Makshtas and Alexander Pelyasov and Roberta Pirazzini and Finn Danielsen and Sergey Chalov and Lappalainen, {Hanna K.} and Vladimir Ivanov and Ivan Frolov and Anna Albin and Bin Cheng and Sergey Dobrolyubov and Viktor Arkhipkin and Stanislav Myslenkov and Tuukka Pet{\"a}j{\"a} and Markku Kulmala",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "13",
doi = "10.5194/acp-19-1941-2019",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "1941--1970",
journal = "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics",
issn = "1680-7316",
publisher = "COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH",
number = "3",

}

Vihma, T, Uotila, P, Sandven, S, Pozdnyakov, D, Makshtas, A, Pelyasov, A, Pirazzini, R, Danielsen, F, Chalov, S, Lappalainen, HK, Ivanov, V, Frolov, I, Albin, A, Cheng, B, Dobrolyubov, S, Arkhipkin, V, Myslenkov, S, Petäjä, T & Kulmala, M 2019, 'Towards an advanced observation system for the marine Arctic in the framework of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX)' Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vuosikerta 19, Nro 3, Sivut 1941-1970. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-1941-2019

Towards an advanced observation system for the marine Arctic in the framework of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX). / Vihma, Timo; Uotila, Petteri; Sandven, Stein; Pozdnyakov, Dmitry; Makshtas, Alexander; Pelyasov, Alexander; Pirazzini, Roberta; Danielsen, Finn; Chalov, Sergey; Lappalainen, Hanna K.; Ivanov, Vladimir; Frolov, Ivan; Albin, Anna; Cheng, Bin; Dobrolyubov, Sergey; Arkhipkin, Viktor; Myslenkov, Stanislav; Petäjä, Tuukka; Kulmala, Markku.

julkaisussa: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vuosikerta 19, Nro 3, 13.02.2019, s. 1941-1970.

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - JOUR

T1 - Towards an advanced observation system for the marine Arctic in the framework of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX)

AU - Vihma, Timo

AU - Uotila, Petteri

AU - Sandven, Stein

AU - Pozdnyakov, Dmitry

AU - Makshtas, Alexander

AU - Pelyasov, Alexander

AU - Pirazzini, Roberta

AU - Danielsen, Finn

AU - Chalov, Sergey

AU - Lappalainen, Hanna K.

AU - Ivanov, Vladimir

AU - Frolov, Ivan

AU - Albin, Anna

AU - Cheng, Bin

AU - Dobrolyubov, Sergey

AU - Arkhipkin, Viktor

AU - Myslenkov, Stanislav

AU - Petäjä, Tuukka

AU - Kulmala, Markku

PY - 2019/2/13

Y1 - 2019/2/13

N2 - The Arctic marine climate system is changing rapidly, which is seen in the warming of the ocean and atmosphere, decline of sea ice cover, increase in river discharge, acidification of the ocean, and changes in marine ecosystems. Socio-economic activities in the coastal and marine Arctic are simultaneously changing. This calls for the establishment of a marine Arctic component of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (MA-PEEX). There is a need for more in situ observations on the marine atmosphere, sea ice, and ocean, but increasing the amount of such observations is a pronounced technological and logistical challenge. The SMEAR (Station for Measuring Ecosystem-Atmosphere Relations) concept can be applied in coastal and archipelago stations, but in the Arctic Ocean it will probably be more cost-effective to further develop a strongly distributed marine observation network based on autonomous buoys, moorings, autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). These have to be supported by research vessel and aircraft campaigns, as well as various coastal observations, including community-based ones. Major manned drift-ing stations may occasionally be comparable to terrestrial SMEAR flagship stations. To best utilize the observations, atmosphere-ocean reanalyses need to be further developed. To well integrate MA-PEEX with the existing terrestrialatmospheric PEEX, focus is needed on the river discharge and associated fluxes, coastal processes, and atmospheric transports in and out of the marine Arctic. More observations and research are also needed on the specific socioeconomic challenges and opportunities in the marine and coastal Arctic, and on their interaction with changes in the climate and environmental system. MA-PEEX will promote international collaboration; sustainable marine meteorological, sea ice, and oceanographic observations; advanced data management; and multidisciplinary research on the marine Arctic and its interaction with the Eurasian continent.

AB - The Arctic marine climate system is changing rapidly, which is seen in the warming of the ocean and atmosphere, decline of sea ice cover, increase in river discharge, acidification of the ocean, and changes in marine ecosystems. Socio-economic activities in the coastal and marine Arctic are simultaneously changing. This calls for the establishment of a marine Arctic component of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (MA-PEEX). There is a need for more in situ observations on the marine atmosphere, sea ice, and ocean, but increasing the amount of such observations is a pronounced technological and logistical challenge. The SMEAR (Station for Measuring Ecosystem-Atmosphere Relations) concept can be applied in coastal and archipelago stations, but in the Arctic Ocean it will probably be more cost-effective to further develop a strongly distributed marine observation network based on autonomous buoys, moorings, autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). These have to be supported by research vessel and aircraft campaigns, as well as various coastal observations, including community-based ones. Major manned drift-ing stations may occasionally be comparable to terrestrial SMEAR flagship stations. To best utilize the observations, atmosphere-ocean reanalyses need to be further developed. To well integrate MA-PEEX with the existing terrestrialatmospheric PEEX, focus is needed on the river discharge and associated fluxes, coastal processes, and atmospheric transports in and out of the marine Arctic. More observations and research are also needed on the specific socioeconomic challenges and opportunities in the marine and coastal Arctic, and on their interaction with changes in the climate and environmental system. MA-PEEX will promote international collaboration; sustainable marine meteorological, sea ice, and oceanographic observations; advanced data management; and multidisciplinary research on the marine Arctic and its interaction with the Eurasian continent.

KW - ICE MASS-BALANCE

KW - ATMOSPHERIC BOUNDARY-LAYER

KW - SUMMER CLOUD OCEAN

KW - SEA-ICE

KW - SEASONAL VARIABILITY

KW - INTERANNUAL VARIABILITY

KW - AIRBORNE OBSERVATIONS

KW - MIDLATITUDE WEATHER

KW - TURBULENT EXCHANGE

KW - CITIZEN SCIENCE

KW - 114 Physical sciences

KW - 1172 Environmental sciences

U2 - 10.5194/acp-19-1941-2019

DO - 10.5194/acp-19-1941-2019

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 1941

EP - 1970

JO - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

JF - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

SN - 1680-7316

IS - 3

ER -