Turvattomuus ei jakaudu tasan

Mitkä asuinalueen piirteet selittävät helsinkiläisten kokemaa turvattomuutta?

Teemu Kemppainen, Henrik Lönnqvist, Martti Tuominen

    Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

    Kuvaus

    This research explores how residents’ experiences
    of unsafety in their neighbourhoods during weekends
    are explained by individual factors and residential
    area characteristics. We are particularly interested
    in the role of the residential area and its characteristics.
    Our analysis draws on data from the 2009 security
    questionnaire in Helsinki and statistical data compiled
    for individual districts in Helsinki. Theoretically
    our analysis is informed by the urban sociology concept
    of social disorganisation and the idea we have developed
    from the criminological and sociological literature
    about how the general sense of insecurity is channelled
    into unsafety at the residential area level.
    Even after controlling for individual factors there
    are quite marked differences between Helsinki districts
    in resident’s perceived unsafety. It is interesting to explore
    the reasons behind these differences. Our findings
    suggest that the risk of experiences of unsafety
    is greater among women than men, and that young
    women are particularly vulnerable. The individual’s
    education or labour market position, by contrast, show
    no associations with perceived unsafety. Living in subsidised
    rental accommodation involves an increased
    risk of unsafety. The same goes for personal experiences
    of violence and particularly witnessing violence. The
    result for residential area characteristics is that living in
    the vicinity of rail transport links, a high frequency of
    emergency callouts to deal with public disturbance incidents
    in the residential area and socio-economic deprivation
    expose residents to unsafety.
    We maintain that the association between socio-economic
    deprivation in the residential area and perceived
    insecurity can be understood not only on the basis of
    the traditional social disorganisation thesis, but also
    via what may be described as a channelling process.
    Sociologist Zygmunt Bauman has proposed that the
    general insecurity and unpredictability that characterise
    late modern society may become channelled into
    concerns at a more concrete level. People living in socio-
    economically deprived areas might have to witness
    not only disruptive behaviour that they experience as
    threatening, but also symbolism that reminds them of
    insecurity and engenders a sense of unsafety.
    Keywords: urban sociology, unsafety, residential areas,
    Helsinki.
    Alkuperäiskielisuomi
    LehtiYhteiskuntapolitiikka
    Vuosikerta79
    Numero1
    Sivut5-20
    Sivumäärä15
    ISSN1455-6901
    TilaJulkaistu - 14 helmikuuta 2014
    OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

    Tieteenalat

    • 5142 Sosiaali- ja yhteiskuntapolitiikka

    Lainaa tätä

    Kemppainen, Teemu ; Lönnqvist, Henrik ; Tuominen, Martti. / Turvattomuus ei jakaudu tasan : Mitkä asuinalueen piirteet selittävät helsinkiläisten kokemaa turvattomuutta?. Julkaisussa: Yhteiskuntapolitiikka. 2014 ; Vuosikerta 79, Nro 1. Sivut 5-20.
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    title = "Turvattomuus ei jakaudu tasan: Mitk{\"a} asuinalueen piirteet selitt{\"a}v{\"a}t helsinkil{\"a}isten kokemaa turvattomuutta?",
    abstract = "This research explores how residents’ experiencesof unsafety in their neighbourhoods during weekendsare explained by individual factors and residentialarea characteristics. We are particularly interestedin the role of the residential area and its characteristics.Our analysis draws on data from the 2009 securityquestionnaire in Helsinki and statistical data compiledfor individual districts in Helsinki. Theoreticallyour analysis is informed by the urban sociology conceptof social disorganisation and the idea we have developedfrom the criminological and sociological literatureabout how the general sense of insecurity is channelledinto unsafety at the residential area level.Even after controlling for individual factors thereare quite marked differences between Helsinki districtsin resident’s perceived unsafety. It is interesting to explorethe reasons behind these differences. Our findingssuggest that the risk of experiences of unsafetyis greater among women than men, and that youngwomen are particularly vulnerable. The individual’seducation or labour market position, by contrast, showno associations with perceived unsafety. Living in subsidisedrental accommodation involves an increasedrisk of unsafety. The same goes for personal experiencesof violence and particularly witnessing violence. Theresult for residential area characteristics is that living inthe vicinity of rail transport links, a high frequency ofemergency callouts to deal with public disturbance incidentsin the residential area and socio-economic deprivationexpose residents to unsafety.We maintain that the association between socio-economicdeprivation in the residential area and perceivedinsecurity can be understood not only on the basis ofthe traditional social disorganisation thesis, but alsovia what may be described as a channelling process.Sociologist Zygmunt Bauman has proposed that thegeneral insecurity and unpredictability that characteriselate modern society may become channelled intoconcerns at a more concrete level. People living in socio-economically deprived areas might have to witnessnot only disruptive behaviour that they experience asthreatening, but also symbolism that reminds them ofinsecurity and engenders a sense of unsafety.Keywords: urban sociology, unsafety, residential areas,Helsinki.",
    keywords = "5142 Sosiaali- ja yhteiskuntapolitiikka",
    author = "Teemu Kemppainen and Henrik L{\"o}nnqvist and Martti Tuominen",
    year = "2014",
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    volume = "79",
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    Turvattomuus ei jakaudu tasan : Mitkä asuinalueen piirteet selittävät helsinkiläisten kokemaa turvattomuutta? / Kemppainen, Teemu; Lönnqvist, Henrik; Tuominen, Martti.

    julkaisussa: Yhteiskuntapolitiikka, Vuosikerta 79, Nro 1, 14.02.2014, s. 5-20.

    Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Turvattomuus ei jakaudu tasan

    T2 - Mitkä asuinalueen piirteet selittävät helsinkiläisten kokemaa turvattomuutta?

    AU - Kemppainen, Teemu

    AU - Lönnqvist, Henrik

    AU - Tuominen, Martti

    PY - 2014/2/14

    Y1 - 2014/2/14

    N2 - This research explores how residents’ experiencesof unsafety in their neighbourhoods during weekendsare explained by individual factors and residentialarea characteristics. We are particularly interestedin the role of the residential area and its characteristics.Our analysis draws on data from the 2009 securityquestionnaire in Helsinki and statistical data compiledfor individual districts in Helsinki. Theoreticallyour analysis is informed by the urban sociology conceptof social disorganisation and the idea we have developedfrom the criminological and sociological literatureabout how the general sense of insecurity is channelledinto unsafety at the residential area level.Even after controlling for individual factors thereare quite marked differences between Helsinki districtsin resident’s perceived unsafety. It is interesting to explorethe reasons behind these differences. Our findingssuggest that the risk of experiences of unsafetyis greater among women than men, and that youngwomen are particularly vulnerable. The individual’seducation or labour market position, by contrast, showno associations with perceived unsafety. Living in subsidisedrental accommodation involves an increasedrisk of unsafety. The same goes for personal experiencesof violence and particularly witnessing violence. Theresult for residential area characteristics is that living inthe vicinity of rail transport links, a high frequency ofemergency callouts to deal with public disturbance incidentsin the residential area and socio-economic deprivationexpose residents to unsafety.We maintain that the association between socio-economicdeprivation in the residential area and perceivedinsecurity can be understood not only on the basis ofthe traditional social disorganisation thesis, but alsovia what may be described as a channelling process.Sociologist Zygmunt Bauman has proposed that thegeneral insecurity and unpredictability that characteriselate modern society may become channelled intoconcerns at a more concrete level. People living in socio-economically deprived areas might have to witnessnot only disruptive behaviour that they experience asthreatening, but also symbolism that reminds them ofinsecurity and engenders a sense of unsafety.Keywords: urban sociology, unsafety, residential areas,Helsinki.

    AB - This research explores how residents’ experiencesof unsafety in their neighbourhoods during weekendsare explained by individual factors and residentialarea characteristics. We are particularly interestedin the role of the residential area and its characteristics.Our analysis draws on data from the 2009 securityquestionnaire in Helsinki and statistical data compiledfor individual districts in Helsinki. Theoreticallyour analysis is informed by the urban sociology conceptof social disorganisation and the idea we have developedfrom the criminological and sociological literatureabout how the general sense of insecurity is channelledinto unsafety at the residential area level.Even after controlling for individual factors thereare quite marked differences between Helsinki districtsin resident’s perceived unsafety. It is interesting to explorethe reasons behind these differences. Our findingssuggest that the risk of experiences of unsafetyis greater among women than men, and that youngwomen are particularly vulnerable. The individual’seducation or labour market position, by contrast, showno associations with perceived unsafety. Living in subsidisedrental accommodation involves an increasedrisk of unsafety. The same goes for personal experiencesof violence and particularly witnessing violence. Theresult for residential area characteristics is that living inthe vicinity of rail transport links, a high frequency ofemergency callouts to deal with public disturbance incidentsin the residential area and socio-economic deprivationexpose residents to unsafety.We maintain that the association between socio-economicdeprivation in the residential area and perceivedinsecurity can be understood not only on the basis ofthe traditional social disorganisation thesis, but alsovia what may be described as a channelling process.Sociologist Zygmunt Bauman has proposed that thegeneral insecurity and unpredictability that characteriselate modern society may become channelled intoconcerns at a more concrete level. People living in socio-economically deprived areas might have to witnessnot only disruptive behaviour that they experience asthreatening, but also symbolism that reminds them ofinsecurity and engenders a sense of unsafety.Keywords: urban sociology, unsafety, residential areas,Helsinki.

    KW - 5142 Sosiaali- ja yhteiskuntapolitiikka

    M3 - Artikkeli

    VL - 79

    SP - 5

    EP - 20

    JO - Yhteiskuntapolitiikka

    JF - Yhteiskuntapolitiikka

    SN - 1455-6901

    IS - 1

    ER -