Zebrafish Embryo Xenograft and Metastasis Assay

Ilkka Paatero, Sanni Alve, Silvia Gramolelli, Johanna Ivaska, Paivi M. Ojala

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

Xenograft models, and in particular the mouse xenograft model, where human cancer cells are transplanted into immunocompromised mice, have been used extensively in cancer studies. Although these models have contributed enormously to our understanding of cancer biology, the zebrafish xenograft model offers several advantages over the mouse model. Zebrafish embryos can be easily cultured in large quantities, are small and easy to handle, making it possible to use a high number of embryos for each experimental condition. Young embryos lack an efficient immune system. Therefore the injected cancer cells are not rejected, and the formation of primary tumors and micrometastases is rapid. Transparency of the embryos enables imaging of primary tumors and metastases in an intact and living embryo. Here we describe a method where GFP expressing tumor cells are injected into pericardial space of zebrafish embryos. At four days post-injection, the embryos are imaged and the formation of primary tumor and distant micrometastases are analyzed.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
Artikkeli3027
LehtiBio-Protocol
Vuosikerta8
Numero18
Sivumäärä14
ISSN2331-8325
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 20 syyskuuta 2018
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 3111 Biolääketieteet

Lainaa tätä

Paatero, Ilkka ; Alve, Sanni ; Gramolelli, Silvia ; Ivaska, Johanna ; Ojala, Paivi M. / Zebrafish Embryo Xenograft and Metastasis Assay. Julkaisussa: Bio-Protocol. 2018 ; Vuosikerta 8, Nro 18.
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title = "Zebrafish Embryo Xenograft and Metastasis Assay",
abstract = "Xenograft models, and in particular the mouse xenograft model, where human cancer cells are transplanted into immunocompromised mice, have been used extensively in cancer studies. Although these models have contributed enormously to our understanding of cancer biology, the zebrafish xenograft model offers several advantages over the mouse model. Zebrafish embryos can be easily cultured in large quantities, are small and easy to handle, making it possible to use a high number of embryos for each experimental condition. Young embryos lack an efficient immune system. Therefore the injected cancer cells are not rejected, and the formation of primary tumors and micrometastases is rapid. Transparency of the embryos enables imaging of primary tumors and metastases in an intact and living embryo. Here we describe a method where GFP expressing tumor cells are injected into pericardial space of zebrafish embryos. At four days post-injection, the embryos are imaged and the formation of primary tumor and distant micrometastases are analyzed.",
keywords = "Zebrafish, Embryo, Cancer, Xenograft, Melanoma, Micrometastases, Protocol, CANCER, 3111 Biomedicine",
author = "Ilkka Paatero and Sanni Alve and Silvia Gramolelli and Johanna Ivaska and Ojala, {Paivi M.}",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "20",
doi = "10.21769/BioProtoc.3027",
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journal = "Bio-Protocol",
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Zebrafish Embryo Xenograft and Metastasis Assay. / Paatero, Ilkka; Alve, Sanni; Gramolelli, Silvia; Ivaska, Johanna; Ojala, Paivi M.

julkaisussa: Bio-Protocol, Vuosikerta 8, Nro 18, 3027, 20.09.2018.

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - JOUR

T1 - Zebrafish Embryo Xenograft and Metastasis Assay

AU - Paatero, Ilkka

AU - Alve, Sanni

AU - Gramolelli, Silvia

AU - Ivaska, Johanna

AU - Ojala, Paivi M.

PY - 2018/9/20

Y1 - 2018/9/20

N2 - Xenograft models, and in particular the mouse xenograft model, where human cancer cells are transplanted into immunocompromised mice, have been used extensively in cancer studies. Although these models have contributed enormously to our understanding of cancer biology, the zebrafish xenograft model offers several advantages over the mouse model. Zebrafish embryos can be easily cultured in large quantities, are small and easy to handle, making it possible to use a high number of embryos for each experimental condition. Young embryos lack an efficient immune system. Therefore the injected cancer cells are not rejected, and the formation of primary tumors and micrometastases is rapid. Transparency of the embryos enables imaging of primary tumors and metastases in an intact and living embryo. Here we describe a method where GFP expressing tumor cells are injected into pericardial space of zebrafish embryos. At four days post-injection, the embryos are imaged and the formation of primary tumor and distant micrometastases are analyzed.

AB - Xenograft models, and in particular the mouse xenograft model, where human cancer cells are transplanted into immunocompromised mice, have been used extensively in cancer studies. Although these models have contributed enormously to our understanding of cancer biology, the zebrafish xenograft model offers several advantages over the mouse model. Zebrafish embryos can be easily cultured in large quantities, are small and easy to handle, making it possible to use a high number of embryos for each experimental condition. Young embryos lack an efficient immune system. Therefore the injected cancer cells are not rejected, and the formation of primary tumors and micrometastases is rapid. Transparency of the embryos enables imaging of primary tumors and metastases in an intact and living embryo. Here we describe a method where GFP expressing tumor cells are injected into pericardial space of zebrafish embryos. At four days post-injection, the embryos are imaged and the formation of primary tumor and distant micrometastases are analyzed.

KW - Zebrafish

KW - Embryo

KW - Cancer

KW - Xenograft

KW - Melanoma

KW - Micrometastases

KW - Protocol

KW - CANCER

KW - 3111 Biomedicine

U2 - 10.21769/BioProtoc.3027

DO - 10.21769/BioProtoc.3027

M3 - Article

VL - 8

JO - Bio-Protocol

JF - Bio-Protocol

SN - 2331-8325

IS - 18

M1 - 3027

ER -