Barnet i stormens öga - krigsbarn då (1939-1945) och nu.

  • Santavirta, Nina (Projektledare)
  • Heilala, Cecilia (Deltagare)
  • Santavirta, Torsten Osmo Olav (Deltagare)
  • Mattsson, Eva Barbara (Deltagare)
  • Maliniemi-Piispanen, Sinikka (Deltagare)
  • Solovieva, Svetlana (Deltagare)

    Beskrivning

    During World War II some 70,000 children were evacuated from Finland to Scandinavia, mainly to Sweden and placed into temporary foster care. The aim of the study is to evaluate the long-term consequences of the evacuation of Finnish children to Sweden during 1939-1945. The objective is to analyze the effects of breeding environment (nurture effects) on later life outcomes such as educational attainment, risky behaviour, mental and physical health and mortality exploiting the intervention into childrens’ early life family environment and quasi-random assignment of foster families. The focus is on the experience of the child and on the effect of the evacuation on the evacuees’ cognitive and non-cognitive skills.

    The study is an inter-disciplinary, multicenter study. The study makes use of a natural experiment on Finnish war time evacuees who were brought to Sweden and sorted in an arguably haphazard fashion to host families in Sweden.

    The Principal Investigator of the project financed by The Finnish Academy is docent Nina Santavirta and the project is affiliated to the Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki. Researchers affiliated to other organisations and departments and participating in the project and using the data sets of the project are: Department of Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Åbo Akademi University, Department of History, Faculty of Arts, University of Helsinki, Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University.

    The research tasks of the study are: (1) To historically uncover the evacuation event (2) To analyze the effects of forced migration on cognitive (language acquisition, education, SES) and non-cognitive (resilience, morbidity and mortality); (3) To determine risk factors for the war childrens’ health and psychological well-being (4) To identify factors that moderate and mediate physical and mental health in the life span of evacuees (5) To deepen the understanding of how the evacuation has influenced on a) the development of the self-image and identity of the evacuees and b) on attachment patterns in generational transmission.

    In the project several types of data have been analysed: survey data, qualitative, interview based data and register based data. A deductive approach applying modern statistical methods to effectively analyze complex public health data as well as an inductive approach with qualitative data analyses has been applied.

    The current project covers the following data sets:

    (1a) Survey data: evacuees who returned home after the war, collected 2005
    (1b) Survey data: a matched reference group of children exposed to war but not evacuated, collected 2005
    (1c) Transcribed interview data: evacuees who returned home after the war, collected 2012
    (2a) Transcribed interview data: evacuees who were adopted to Sweden, collected 2007
    (2b) Survey data: evacuees who were adopted to Sweden, collected 2007
    (3) Register data: 10 % sample drawn from the 1950 Census Population (= 66,615 persons) of which 2009 had been evacuated.
    (4) Register based sibling data: 1328 siblings discordant on evacuation status, Death Cause Register and HILMO Hospital Discharge register
    (5) Register based data on second generation of children of siblings discordant on evacuation status, Death Cause Register and HILMO Hospital Discharge register

    The project was supported by The Finnish Academy and The Signe and Ane Gyllenberg Foundation (main supporters).
    StatusPågående
    Gällande start-/slutdatum01/01/2010 → …

    Vetenskapsgrenar

    • 516 Pedagogik