Madagascar is the hot spot of environmental conservation as well as in the interest of extraction of natural resources. The work is related to discussions of political and human ecology and focuses on what happens in a society of slash and burn cultivators who have a history of fleeing from the state and clearing forests for fields when huge conservation area is prohibiting their way of natural resource use. The focus of the work will be on Tsimihety subsistence farmers who continue shifting cultivation despite of heavy efforts of conservationists to change their way of living but also engage easily in the conservationist efforts, e.g in ecotourism practices and reforestration. I am interested in understanding what kinds of different perceptions and activities are related to knowledge about nature of different actors who are present in the landscape and how are the connections between different actors. Can we talk about hybrid knowledge (Latour)? Are we dealing with an assemblage and how to define it (Escobar)? What happens in the processes of neoliberalization (Castree) and neoliberalization of nature (Duffy)? The material is collected during 10 months fieldwork between September 2012-August 2013 in 4 different villages situating near Marojejy National Park entrance as well as in archives during 3 months in 2011 in Antananarivo, Madagascar. The work is part of a larger project, Environment, Changing Land Use and Global Natural Resource Economy, directed by Timo Kaartinen and funded by Finnish Academy.
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