LOCAL PATHS. Specialisation and Diversification of Enterprising during Transition – a Comparative Study of Development in Estonian and Russian countryside



In this research, rural development in Estonia and Russia are compared in the beginning of 3rd Millenium. Estonian EU Membership fascilated processes, leading to specialisation in the countryside, among others in rural tourism. In Russia the uncertainty, concerning economic environment, legislation and governance, has forced enterprices to choose multi-dimentional strategy, in order to prepare to losses in one branch with the help of successes in some other branch. This strategy looks as delayed action, and has the consequence of restraining the development of private farms and small enterprices. Similar effort to minimize uncertainty concerns individual actors, who try to construct informal networks and to safeguard the food production for their own family. In both countries agriculture was striving to large-scale production, first of all. In Russia entrepreneurship was slow to develop and stayed mostly inside of informal economy.
The project analyses the conditions and consequences of local development in a comparative setting, on the ruins of soviet enterprises in four municipalities. The core research problem of the study is the interrelationships between enterprises, local administration and community structures in transition societies. This involves the analysis of the strategies of adaptation of agricultural and non-agricultural companies in the selected rural areas of Russia and Estonia. The study areas are: Bogorodsky and Lyskovo raions in Nizhny-Novogorod oblast in Russia and Väätsa municipality and Karksi municipality in Estonia.
Gällande start-/slutdatum01/01/200431/12/2006


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