Östskandinavisk utveckling av den urnordiska ai-diftongen och palatalt r i ljuset av finska ljudsubstitutioner

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This paper examines sound substitutions in Finnic loan words from Proto- and Ancient Scandinavian. Correlations are studied between Finnish/Estonian ai, äi, ei, and õi and eastern-Scandinavian descendants of the Proto-Scandinavian diphthong ai, which developed over ɛi into the Old Swedish ē. On the basis of the observed correlations, substitution practices and their chronologies are reconstructed. A further aim of the paper is to seek independent evidence for the quality of the diphthong during different stages of eastern Scandinavian development. This subject is intertwined through chronology with the borrowing of Finnish napakaira meaning 'bradawl, auger', namely with determining the form of the Scandinavian loan original *naƀaǥaiza- > Old-Icelandic nafarr (in particular *[z] > [r]) at the time of borrowing.It is shown that within a material of some 80 potentially borrowed pre-Viking Age Proto-Finnic stems there is not a single ascertained case where a descendant of this Scandinavian diphthong would have been substituted by *ei, whereas the very few possible cases of *äi cannot be judged to testify to a fronted quality in the original. Substitution practices using back stems, which were subject to Finnic palatal vowel harmony, persisted for a surprisingly long time. In parallel with the principal ɑi → *ɑi substitution, one with *ëi ~ [ɤ̞i] is used in 2–4 ascertained cases. This substitution may testifiy to some variation or modification of the Proto-Scandinavian diphthong.
Titel på gästpublikationStudier i svensk språkhistoria 13 : Historia och språkhistoria
RedaktörerDaniel Andersson, Lars-Erik Edlund, Susanne Haugen, Asbjørg Westum
Antal sidor22
FörlagUmeå universitet, Institutionen för språkstudier
Utgivningsdatumjun 2016
ISBN (tryckt)978-91-88466-90-7
ISBN (elektroniskt)978-91-86438-57-9
StatusPublicerad - jun 2016
MoE-publikationstypA4 Artikel i en konferenspublikation
EvenemangSvenska språkets historia - Umeå, Sverige
Varaktighet: 8 maj 20149 maj 2014
Konferensnummer: 13


FörlagInstitutionen för språkstudier
ISSN (tryckt)0282-7182
NamnKungl. Skytteanska Samfundets Handlingar
FörlagKungl. Skytteanska Samfundet
ISSN (tryckt)0560-2416


  • 6121 Språkvetenskaper
  • Scandinavian
  • Proto-Norse
  • Finnic
  • Baltic-Finnic
  • loanwords
  • phonology
  • sound-substitution

Citera det här

Schalin, J. (2016). Östskandinavisk utveckling av den urnordiska ai-diftongen och palatalt r i ljuset av finska ljudsubstitutioner. I D. Andersson, L-E. Edlund, S. Haugen, & A. Westum (Red.), Studier i svensk språkhistoria 13 : Historia och språkhistoria (s. 241-262). (NORDSVENSKA ; Vol. 25), (Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundets Handlingar; Vol. 76). Umeå: Umeå universitet, Institutionen för språkstudier.