A comparative study of variations in arithmetic fluency between Norwegian and Finnish third graders

Tonje Funderud, Riikka Mononen, Jelena Radišić , Anu Laine

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

Sammanfattning

The study aimed to investigate variations in addition and subtraction fluency by observing grade three students in Norway (n = 253, M-age = 8.38 y.) and Finland (n = 209, M-age = 9.35 y.) while controlling for their age and non-verbal reasoning. Gender differences were also examined. The focus of the study was on the performance of the low-achieving (LA) students in comparison to the typically achieving (TA) group, not neglecting differences in how early educational support was organised across the two countries. Two-minute speed tests in both addition and subtraction within the 1-20 number range were used to assess fluency. The Finnish students outperformed students in the Norwegian sample both in addition and subtraction fluency. There were more Norwegian students in the LA group (i.e. performance at or below the 25th percentile) in both addition (37.9% vs. 20.1%) and subtraction (39.1% vs. 15.8%). In comparison to the TA students, the LA students made more errors and skipped over more arithmetic tasks in an attempt to solve them. Observed differences are discussed in relation to both country characteristics concerning early mathematics education and early educational support.

Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftEuropean Journal of Special Needs Education
Volym34
Utgåva5
Sidor (från-till)572-585
Antal sidor14
ISSN0885-6257
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 20 okt. 2019
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

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