Amorphization of Ge nanocrystals embedded in amorphous silica under ion irradiation

Flyura Djurabekova, Marie Backman, Olli H Pakarinen, Kai Nordlund, Leandro L Araujo, Mark C Ridgway

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragKonferensartikelVetenskapligPeer review


One of the key reasons why nanoscale materials behave differently from their bulk counterparts is that a large fraction of atoms reside at surfaces or interfaces. For instance, the melting point, hardness and even crystal structure of a nanocrystal can be dramatically different from that of the same element or compound in its conventional phase. Of particular interest from an ion-beam modification point of view is how much the structural transformations induced by energetic ions in nanocrystals differ from those in the bulk phase. Using a combination of molecular dynamics (MD) computer simulations and Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) experiments, we show that the crystalline-to-amorphous transition in Ge nanocrystals occurs at a dose which is significantly (more than an order of magnitude) lower than that in the bulk phase. The MD simulations indicate that this is related to the outermost part of a structured nanocrystal being subjected to an additional stress delivered by the amorphous surroundings. These results show that conventional models based on irradiation of bulk materials can not be used to estimate the susceptibility of nanocrystals to phase transitions. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
TidskriftNuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Sidor (från-till)1235-1238
Antal sidor4
StatusPublicerad - 2009
MoE-publikationstypA4 Artikel i en konferenspublikation
EvenemangUnknown host publication - , Holland
Varaktighet: 1 jan. 1800 → …


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