An Inducible Operon Is Involved in Inulin Utilization in Lactobacillus plantarum Strains, as Revealed by Comparative Proteogenomics and Metabolic Profiling

Nirunya Buntin, Tipparat Hongpattarakere, Jarmo Ritari, François P. Douillard, Lars Paulin, Sjef Boeren, Sudarshan A. Shetty, Willem M. de Vos

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

Sammanfattning

The draft genomes of Lactobacillus plantarum strains isolated from Asian fermented foods, infant feces, and shrimp intestines were sequenced and compared to those of well-studied strains. Among 28 strains of L. plantarum, variations in the genomic features involved in ecological adaptation were elucidated. The genome sizes ranged from approximately 3.1 to 3.5 Mb, of which about 2,932 to 3,345 protein-coding sequences (CDS) were predicted. The food-derived isolates contained a higher number of carbohydrate metabolism-associated genes than those from infant feces. This observation correlated to their phenotypic carbohydrate metabolic profile, indicating their ability to metabolize the largest range of sugars. Surprisingly, two strains (P14 and P76) isolated from fermented fish utilized inulin. β-Fructosidase, the inulin-degrading enzyme, was detected in the supernatants and cell wall extracts of both strains. No activity was observed in the cytoplasmic fraction, indicating that this key enzyme was either membrane-bound or extracellularly secreted. From genomic mining analysis, a predicted inulin operon of fosRABCDXE, which encodes β-fructosidase and many fructose transporting proteins, was found within the genomes of strains P14 and P76. Moreover, pts1BCA genes, encoding sucrose-specific IIBCA components involved in sucrose transport, were also identified. The proteomic analysis revealed the mechanism and functional characteristic of the fosRABCDXE operon involved in the inulin utilization of L. plantarum. The expression levels of the fos operon and pst genes were upregulated at mid-log phase. FosE and the LPXTG-motif cell wall anchored β-fructosidase were induced to a high abundance when inulin was present as a carbon source. IMPORTANCE Inulin is a long-chain carbohydrate that may act as a prebiotic, which provides many health benefits to the host by selectively stimulating the growth and activity of beneficial bacteria in the colon. While certain lactobacilli can catabolize inulin, this has not yet been described for Lactobacillus plantarum, and an associated putative inulin operon has not been reported in this species. By using comparative and functional genomics, we showed that two L. plantarum strains utilized inulin and identified functional inulin operons in their genomes. The proteogenomic data revealed that inulin degradation and uptake routes, which related to the fosRABCDXE operon and pstBCA genes, were widely expressed among L. plantarum strains. The present work provides a novel understanding of gene regulation and mechanisms of inulin utilization in probiotic L. plantarum generating opportunities for synbiotic product development.
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummere02402-16
TidskriftApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volym83
Utgåva2
ISSN0099-2240
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2017
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Vetenskapsgrenar

  • 1182 Biokemi, cell- och molekylärbiologi

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Buntin, Nirunya ; Hongpattarakere, Tipparat ; Ritari, Jarmo ; Douillard, François P. ; Paulin, Lars ; Boeren, Sjef ; Shetty, Sudarshan A. ; de Vos, Willem M. / An Inducible Operon Is Involved in Inulin Utilization in Lactobacillus plantarum Strains, as Revealed by Comparative Proteogenomics and Metabolic Profiling. I: Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2017 ; Vol. 83, Nr. 2.
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title = "An Inducible Operon Is Involved in Inulin Utilization in Lactobacillus plantarum Strains, as Revealed by Comparative Proteogenomics and Metabolic Profiling",
abstract = "The draft genomes of Lactobacillus plantarum strains isolated from Asian fermented foods, infant feces, and shrimp intestines were sequenced and compared to those of well-studied strains. Among 28 strains of L. plantarum, variations in the genomic features involved in ecological adaptation were elucidated. The genome sizes ranged from approximately 3.1 to 3.5 Mb, of which about 2,932 to 3,345 protein-coding sequences (CDS) were predicted. The food-derived isolates contained a higher number of carbohydrate metabolism-associated genes than those from infant feces. This observation correlated to their phenotypic carbohydrate metabolic profile, indicating their ability to metabolize the largest range of sugars. Surprisingly, two strains (P14 and P76) isolated from fermented fish utilized inulin. β-Fructosidase, the inulin-degrading enzyme, was detected in the supernatants and cell wall extracts of both strains. No activity was observed in the cytoplasmic fraction, indicating that this key enzyme was either membrane-bound or extracellularly secreted. From genomic mining analysis, a predicted inulin operon of fosRABCDXE, which encodes β-fructosidase and many fructose transporting proteins, was found within the genomes of strains P14 and P76. Moreover, pts1BCA genes, encoding sucrose-specific IIBCA components involved in sucrose transport, were also identified. The proteomic analysis revealed the mechanism and functional characteristic of the fosRABCDXE operon involved in the inulin utilization of L. plantarum. The expression levels of the fos operon and pst genes were upregulated at mid-log phase. FosE and the LPXTG-motif cell wall anchored β-fructosidase were induced to a high abundance when inulin was present as a carbon source. IMPORTANCE Inulin is a long-chain carbohydrate that may act as a prebiotic, which provides many health benefits to the host by selectively stimulating the growth and activity of beneficial bacteria in the colon. While certain lactobacilli can catabolize inulin, this has not yet been described for Lactobacillus plantarum, and an associated putative inulin operon has not been reported in this species. By using comparative and functional genomics, we showed that two L. plantarum strains utilized inulin and identified functional inulin operons in their genomes. The proteogenomic data revealed that inulin degradation and uptake routes, which related to the fosRABCDXE operon and pstBCA genes, were widely expressed among L. plantarum strains. The present work provides a novel understanding of gene regulation and mechanisms of inulin utilization in probiotic L. plantarum generating opportunities for synbiotic product development.",
keywords = "1182 Biochemistry, cell and molecular biology",
author = "Nirunya Buntin and Tipparat Hongpattarakere and Jarmo Ritari and Douillard, {Fran{\cc}ois P.} and Lars Paulin and Sjef Boeren and Shetty, {Sudarshan A.} and {de Vos}, {Willem M.}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1128/AEM.02402-16",
language = "English",
volume = "83",
journal = "Applied and Environmental Microbiology",
issn = "0099-2240",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "2",

}

An Inducible Operon Is Involved in Inulin Utilization in Lactobacillus plantarum Strains, as Revealed by Comparative Proteogenomics and Metabolic Profiling. / Buntin, Nirunya; Hongpattarakere, Tipparat; Ritari, Jarmo; Douillard, François P.; Paulin, Lars; Boeren, Sjef; Shetty, Sudarshan A.; de Vos, Willem M.

I: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 83, Nr. 2, e02402-16, 2017.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - An Inducible Operon Is Involved in Inulin Utilization in Lactobacillus plantarum Strains, as Revealed by Comparative Proteogenomics and Metabolic Profiling

AU - Buntin, Nirunya

AU - Hongpattarakere, Tipparat

AU - Ritari, Jarmo

AU - Douillard, François P.

AU - Paulin, Lars

AU - Boeren, Sjef

AU - Shetty, Sudarshan A.

AU - de Vos, Willem M.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The draft genomes of Lactobacillus plantarum strains isolated from Asian fermented foods, infant feces, and shrimp intestines were sequenced and compared to those of well-studied strains. Among 28 strains of L. plantarum, variations in the genomic features involved in ecological adaptation were elucidated. The genome sizes ranged from approximately 3.1 to 3.5 Mb, of which about 2,932 to 3,345 protein-coding sequences (CDS) were predicted. The food-derived isolates contained a higher number of carbohydrate metabolism-associated genes than those from infant feces. This observation correlated to their phenotypic carbohydrate metabolic profile, indicating their ability to metabolize the largest range of sugars. Surprisingly, two strains (P14 and P76) isolated from fermented fish utilized inulin. β-Fructosidase, the inulin-degrading enzyme, was detected in the supernatants and cell wall extracts of both strains. No activity was observed in the cytoplasmic fraction, indicating that this key enzyme was either membrane-bound or extracellularly secreted. From genomic mining analysis, a predicted inulin operon of fosRABCDXE, which encodes β-fructosidase and many fructose transporting proteins, was found within the genomes of strains P14 and P76. Moreover, pts1BCA genes, encoding sucrose-specific IIBCA components involved in sucrose transport, were also identified. The proteomic analysis revealed the mechanism and functional characteristic of the fosRABCDXE operon involved in the inulin utilization of L. plantarum. The expression levels of the fos operon and pst genes were upregulated at mid-log phase. FosE and the LPXTG-motif cell wall anchored β-fructosidase were induced to a high abundance when inulin was present as a carbon source. IMPORTANCE Inulin is a long-chain carbohydrate that may act as a prebiotic, which provides many health benefits to the host by selectively stimulating the growth and activity of beneficial bacteria in the colon. While certain lactobacilli can catabolize inulin, this has not yet been described for Lactobacillus plantarum, and an associated putative inulin operon has not been reported in this species. By using comparative and functional genomics, we showed that two L. plantarum strains utilized inulin and identified functional inulin operons in their genomes. The proteogenomic data revealed that inulin degradation and uptake routes, which related to the fosRABCDXE operon and pstBCA genes, were widely expressed among L. plantarum strains. The present work provides a novel understanding of gene regulation and mechanisms of inulin utilization in probiotic L. plantarum generating opportunities for synbiotic product development.

AB - The draft genomes of Lactobacillus plantarum strains isolated from Asian fermented foods, infant feces, and shrimp intestines were sequenced and compared to those of well-studied strains. Among 28 strains of L. plantarum, variations in the genomic features involved in ecological adaptation were elucidated. The genome sizes ranged from approximately 3.1 to 3.5 Mb, of which about 2,932 to 3,345 protein-coding sequences (CDS) were predicted. The food-derived isolates contained a higher number of carbohydrate metabolism-associated genes than those from infant feces. This observation correlated to their phenotypic carbohydrate metabolic profile, indicating their ability to metabolize the largest range of sugars. Surprisingly, two strains (P14 and P76) isolated from fermented fish utilized inulin. β-Fructosidase, the inulin-degrading enzyme, was detected in the supernatants and cell wall extracts of both strains. No activity was observed in the cytoplasmic fraction, indicating that this key enzyme was either membrane-bound or extracellularly secreted. From genomic mining analysis, a predicted inulin operon of fosRABCDXE, which encodes β-fructosidase and many fructose transporting proteins, was found within the genomes of strains P14 and P76. Moreover, pts1BCA genes, encoding sucrose-specific IIBCA components involved in sucrose transport, were also identified. The proteomic analysis revealed the mechanism and functional characteristic of the fosRABCDXE operon involved in the inulin utilization of L. plantarum. The expression levels of the fos operon and pst genes were upregulated at mid-log phase. FosE and the LPXTG-motif cell wall anchored β-fructosidase were induced to a high abundance when inulin was present as a carbon source. IMPORTANCE Inulin is a long-chain carbohydrate that may act as a prebiotic, which provides many health benefits to the host by selectively stimulating the growth and activity of beneficial bacteria in the colon. While certain lactobacilli can catabolize inulin, this has not yet been described for Lactobacillus plantarum, and an associated putative inulin operon has not been reported in this species. By using comparative and functional genomics, we showed that two L. plantarum strains utilized inulin and identified functional inulin operons in their genomes. The proteogenomic data revealed that inulin degradation and uptake routes, which related to the fosRABCDXE operon and pstBCA genes, were widely expressed among L. plantarum strains. The present work provides a novel understanding of gene regulation and mechanisms of inulin utilization in probiotic L. plantarum generating opportunities for synbiotic product development.

KW - 1182 Biochemistry, cell and molecular biology

U2 - 10.1128/AEM.02402-16

DO - 10.1128/AEM.02402-16

M3 - Article

VL - 83

JO - Applied and Environmental Microbiology

JF - Applied and Environmental Microbiology

SN - 0099-2240

IS - 2

M1 - e02402-16

ER -