Aspect and Evidentiality in Four Bantu Languages

Thera Marie Crane, Hilde Gunnink, Ponsiano Kanijo, Tim Roth

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Sammanfattning

Fully grammaticalized, obligatory evidentiality systems are thought to be rare in the languages of Africa in general, and in the Bantu languages in particular. However, ongoing semantic research in Bantu languages continues to uncover systems that are primarily evidential in their semantics, as well as other grammatical categories that can be exploited to express evidential distinctions. In this chapter, we discuss four geographically and typologically diverse Bantu languages – Fwe, Nyamwezi, Nzadi, and Ikoma – in which distinct grams with overlapping tempo-aspectual readings exhibit salient distinctions in their evidential force . The evidentiality distinctions seen in the languages discussed add further support for the robust cross-linguistic link between resultatives and indirect evidentials. Links between progressive aspect and “authoritive” (first-hand sensory or trusted second-hand) evidentials are also suggested.
Originalspråkengelska
Titel på värdpublikationBeyond Aspectual Semantics : Explorations in the Pragmatic and Cognitive Realms of Aspect
RedaktörerAstrid De Wit, Frank Brisard, Carol Madden-Lombardi, Michael Meeuwis, Adeline Patard
Antal sidor30
UtgivningsortOxford
FörlagOxford University Press
Utgivningsdatum7 mars 2024
Sidor177-206
ISBN (tryckt)9780192849311
StatusPublicerad - 7 mars 2024
MoE-publikationstypA3 Del av bok eller annan forskningsbok

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