Cardiorespiratory fitness and health-related quality of life in women at risk for gestational diabetes

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Sammanfattning

This study examined the associations of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in women at risk for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The participants were 39 women planning pregnancy with a history of GDM and/or BMI 29kg/m(2). We assessed CRF by measuring maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) during incremental cycle ergometer exercise until voluntary fatigue. LTPA was self-reported, and HRQoL assessed with the SF-36 Health Survey (SF-36). The mean (SD) VO2max was 27 (6) mLkg(-1)min(-1), and the mean LTPA was 2.6 (1.7)h/wk. After controlling for BMI, VO2max was positively associated with the SF-36 General Health scale ( 1.27, 95% CI: 0.09, 2.44, P=.035) and the Physical Component Summary ( 0.48, 95% CI: 0.14, 0.82, P=.007). The General Health scale (P=.023) and the Physical Component Summary (P=.011) differed even between those with very poor and poor CRF. After controlling for BMI, LTPA was positively associated with the SF-36 Physical Functioning scale (r(s)=.34, P=.039), the General Health scale ( 3.74, 95% CI: 0.64, 6.84, P=.020), and the Physical Component Summary ( 1.13 95% CI: 0.19, 2.06, P=.020). To conclude, CRF and LTPA were positively associated with perceived general health and physical well-being in women planning pregnancy and at risk for GDM. Even a slightly better CRF would be beneficial for well-being among women with low levels of CRF.

Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Volym28
Nummer1
Sidor (från-till)203-211
Antal sidor9
ISSN0905-7188
DOI
StatusPublicerad - jan. 2018
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

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  • 315 Gymnastik- och idrottsvetenskap
  • 3121 Allmänmedicin, inre medicin och annan klinisk medicin

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