Cell-based bioreporter assay coupled to HPLC micro-fractionation in the evaluation of antimicrobial properties of the basidiomycete fungus Pycnoporus cinnabarinus

Päivi Pauliina Järvinen, Susanna Christina Sofie Nybond, Laurence Marcourt, Emerson Ferreira Queiroz, Jean-Luc Wolfender, Aila Helena Mettälä, Matti Karp, Heikki Juhani Vuorela, Pia Maarit Vuorela, Annele Inkeri Hatakka, Päivi Sirpa Marjaana Tammela

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review


Context Identification of bioactive components from complex natural product extracts can be a tedious process that aggravates the use of natural products in drug discovery campaigns.

Objective This study presents a new approach for screening antimicrobial potential of natural product extracts by employing a bioreporter assay amenable to HPLC-based activity profiling.

Materials and methods A library of 116 crude extracts was prepared from fungal culture filtrates by liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate, lyophilised, and screened against Escherichia coli using TLC bioautography. Active extracts were studied further with a broth microdilution assay, which was, however, too insensitive for identifying the active microfractions after HPLC separation. Therefore, an assay based on bioluminescent E. coli K-12 (pTetLux1) strain was coupled with HPLC micro-fractionation.

Results Preliminary screening yielded six fungal extracts with potential antimicrobial activity. A crude extract from a culture filtrate of the wood-rotting fungus, Pycnoporus cinnabarinus (Jacq.) P. Karst. (Polyporaceae), was selected for evaluating the functionality of the bioreporter assay in HPLC-based activity profiling. In the bioreporter assay, the IC50 value for the crude extract was 0.10 mg/mL. By integrating the bioreporter assay with HPLC micro-fractionation, the antimicrobial activity was linked to LC-UV peak of a compound in the chromatogram of the extract. This compound was isolated and identified as a fungal pigment phlebiarubrone.

Discussion and conclusion HPLC-based activity profiling using the bioreporter-based approach is a valuable tool for identifying antimicrobial compound(s) from complex crude extracts, and offers improved sensitivity and speed compared with traditional antimicrobial assays, such as the turbidimetric measurement.
TidskriftPharmaceutical Biology
Sidor (från-till)1108-1115
Antal sidor8
StatusPublicerad - 2016
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad


  • 317 Farmaci
  • 1182 Biokemi, cell- och molekylärbiologi

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